Government Cautions People Against Risks in Investing in Virtual ‘Currencies’ ( Bitcoin ); Says VCs are like Ponzi Schemes

The ministry of finance cautioned people against the risks of investing in virtual currencies such as bitcoin which lack government fiat, comparing them with Ponzi schemes.

This follows a crackdown by the South Korean government on trading of bitcoins which led to an 8% drop in its value on Thursday.

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Are We Headed for Another Dot-Com Disaster?


“There is a real and heightened risk of investment bubble of the type seen in Ponzi schemes, which can result in sudden and prolonged crash exposing investors, especially retail consumers, losing their hard-earned money. Consumers need to be alert and extremely cautious as to avoid getting trapped in such Ponzi schemes.”

Bitcoin compared to other bubbles.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has issued three warnings against investments in cryptocurrencies — one each in December 2013, February 2017 and earlier this month. “The government also makes it clear that VCs are not legal tender and such VCs do not have any regulatory permission or protection in India. The investors and other participants, therefore, deal with these VCs entirely at their risk and should best avoid participating therein.”

Be alert Bitcoins are not approved by RBI


Why do I need a personal accident Insurance Policy?

These days due to increasing number of vehicles in the country, the number of accidents are happening. Life is capricious or uncertain. Anything can happen to anyone at any point in time. People purchase insurance to protect themselves financially against such unfortunate events. A good insurance portfolio ensures that all eventualities cover you or your finances. Life insurance proceeds will ensure that your family achieves the financial goals in your absence. A health insurance plan will provide quality health care for you and your family. Many people of us are inclined to feel that if we have adequate life, health or critical insurance, your finances are protected.

What about an accident or an illness that causes total or partial disability, which in turn compromises your ability to earn income at the level before the accident. Life insurance will typically not cover such a scenario. Health insurance covers only hospitalization expenses. You can see there is a gap, which is not covered. It is in such cases that a Personal Accident Cover can come in handy. Personal Accident Insurance plans offer limited coverage but are still better than nothing.Under your term cover, you might get the accident benefit rider on extra payment but it will mostly pay off in the cases of permanent total disability, thereby leaving all other temporary and partial disabilities. 

accidentAccidents are categorized as one of fatal health hazards worldwide. When this health hazard is put into the frame of a country where one person dies by accident every four-minute, it does require our attention. According to World Health Organization (WHO) report, about 12.5 crore people die every year due to accidents and between 200-500 crore sustain injuries.

A personal accident policy covers death, permanent total disability, permanent partial disability and total temporary disability due to an accident. First of all, these events have to happen in an accident. If the insured person dies or gets totally or partially disabled through a natural illness, such disability (or death) will not be covered under a personal accident policy.

If one day on your way back home you meet with an accident which may leave you paralyzed for life? It is scary. But, this can happen and might leave a long-lasting impact on your life. With lives lost daily and injuries rising rapidly due to accidents, we come across many cases of permanent total or permanent partial disability. A personal accident cover helps in such a scenario by providing coverage for disability, which is not typically covered under either life or health insurance.

personalWhat if you fall victim to temporary total disablement, how would you meet the income/Job loss caused by it. In such a case, your personal accident cover comes handy with income coverage part. This means, if for some time you are completely bedridden due to injury, you will be paid a certain percentage of your sum assured weekly to compensate the income/Job loss scenario.

When you are young, your chances of meeting with an accident are higher. According to WHO report, people aged between 15 and 44 years account for 48% of global road-traffic deaths; If this is just the data for deaths, imagine the rate of disability prone youth. Hence, it is always advisable to opt for a personal accident cover when you first start earning. The plan provides a considerable protection for a very low premium. While you get 100% payout in case of permanent total disability, in partial disability you get paid depending on the extent of the loss. For example; for the loss of an eye, the policy will pay 50% of the total coverage, for the loss of a leg it will typically pay 50-70% of the total coverage.

Say a strict no to Guaranteed Life Insurance Plans

Regardless of the fact whether you got hit by a two-wheeler or a four-wheeler, your personal accident insurance will cover even minor things like falling off a bike, among others. Not only this, even small injuries like broken bones, fractures, cuts, burns, etc. which do not require hospitalization, get covered under a personal accident cover.

The rule of thumb says you should go for a cover that is eight to ten times your annual income. The personal, emotional or mental trauma triggered by accident often leaves a permanent scar on life. Therefore, having a personal accident insurance can decrease that stress and can make your life a little less stressful. It can brace you from the financial hardships.


The premiums for an accident cover are abysmally low. For a sum assured of Rs 5 lakh, your premiums can be as small as Rs. 600/- p.a. for death, total and partial disability coverage. This is probably equivalent to what you may pay for a meal for two when buying a food delivery app. However, we suggest that you should always buy a cover, which is at least ten times your annual salary. This is because your accident cover acts as your income in the event of death or disability. The product currently is an evolving one, and most insurers provide a protection of up to Rs 30 lakh online. The higher sum assured can be brought offline only.


Personal accident cover is required only to take care of permanent disability (total or partial). Your life insurance, health insurance, and emergency corpus should take care of accidental death, accident-related hospitalization and temporary loss of income.

Permanent disability, total or partial, can compromise your earning ability. In fact, it can even add to your expenses. You may require domiciliary treatment (treatment at home), physiotherapy sessions or nurse support. No health insurance coverage will cover such costs beyond a point.

Future Supply Chain Solutions Ltd IPO Review

Future Supply Chain Solutions Ltd. (FSC) is a supply chain and logistics company. Future Supply Chain Solutions is part of Kishore Biyani’s Future Enterprise Ltd. The company was incorporated in 2006. The company offers automated and IT-enabled warehousing, distribution and other logistics solutions. It has customers in various sectors all across India, including ATMs, automotive and engineering, retail, fashion & apparel, food – beverage, FMCG, e-commerce, health-care, electronics and technology, home and furniture.

It has 42 distribution centers across India, which covers approximately 3,500,000 square feet of warehouse space.

List of anchor investors

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The company offers customers services in three key areas:

  1. Contract Logistics
  2. Express Logistics
  3. Temperature-Controlled Logistics

The promoters :

Future Enterprises Limited ( Kishore Biyani Group company)

Main objects of the issue are:

1. Avail the benefit of listing of the Equity Shares on the Stock Exchanges;
2.To Enhance stability and brand image and
3.To provide liquidity to its existing shareholders.


IPO Dates & Price Band:

  • IPO Open: 06-December-2017
  • IPO Close: 08-December-2017
  • IPO Size: Approx Rs. 650 Crore (Approx)
  • Face Value: Rs. 10 Per Equity Share
  • Price Band: Rs. 660 to 664 Per Share
  • Listing on: BSE & NSE
  • Retail Portion: 35%
  • Equity: 9,784,570 Shares

Market Lot:

  • Shares: Apply for 22 Shares (Minimum Lot Size)
  • Amount: Rs.14,608

Allotment & Listing:

  • Basis of Allotment: 12-December-2017
  • Refunds: 14-December-2017
  • Credit to demat accounts: 14-December-2017
  • Listing: 18-December-2017

IPO Registrar:

Link Intime India Private Ltd

Lead Managers:

  • IDFC Bank Limited
  • IIFL Holdings Limited
  • Yes Securities (India) Limited

Do Not Compare Yourself with Other Investors While Making Investment

Risks and Upsides

Logistics service providers face the following general challenges in the market:

Foreign direct investment activity is uncertain and is dependent on global policies and market volatility.

A slowdown in the user industry could affect the volumes handled by logistics service providers.

Quality and availability of infrastructure could impact performance.

Intense competition and low barriers to entry in certain segments could affect logistics service providers.

Increasing scale could be challenging.

The express logistics industry is sensitive to high operating costs; and

There is a need to continuously invest in and evolve technology.


One of the largest service providers with an extensive network of facilities in a fast-growing third-party logistics market.

Comprehensive solution for supply chain requirements.

Diverse customer base across many sectors.divrsificationAt the forefront in introducing new standards of technology and automation in the logistics industry in India.

Longstanding relationship with Future Entities.

Experienced management team with logistics and retail sector-specific knowledge.

Khadim India Limited IPO Review


Capitalise on the growth of the third-party logistics industry in India.

Target growth by identifying new customers, increasing its share of existing customers’ third-party logistics spending and leveraging existing relationships.

Expand addressable market through customized and new service offerings.

Invest further in infrastructure and expand its network.

Explore inorganic growth opportunities.

Continue to improve operating efficiencies and implement technological and process enhancements.

indian log mktNegative

The Future Entities are its key customers and its Promoter and certain of its Group Companies account for a significant portion of its revenue. Any failure to maintain its relationship with these customers will have a material adverse effect on its financial performance and results of operations.

FSC’s business is affected by prevailing economic conditions in India and indirectly affected by changes in consumer spending capacity in the sectors we serve within India.

FSC may face competition from a number of international and domestic third-party logistics companies, which may adversely affect its market position and business.

Delays or defaults in payment by its customers could affect its cash flows and may adversely affect its financial condition and operations.

An inability to pass on any increase in operating expenses to its customers may adversely affect its business and results of operations.

FSC are heavily dependent on machinery and equipment for its operations. Any breakdown of its machinery or equipment will have a significant adverse effect on its business, reputation, financial results and growth prospects.

FSC business is highly dependent on technology and automation and any disruptions of or failure to update such technology or automation could have an adverse effect on its results and operations.

Changing regulations in India could lead to new compliance requirements that are uncertain.

The trend toward outsourcing of supply chain management activities, throughout India or within specific sectors, may change, thereby reducing demand for its services.

Conditions and restrictions imposed on FSC by the agreements entered into with some of its customers could adversely affect its business and results of operations.

The performance of its express logistics and temperature-controlled businesses may continue to decline.

Dependence on third-party vendors could have an adverse effect on its business financial condition and results of operations.

Some of its lease agreements may have certain irregularities.

FSC’s Promoter, Group Companies, and Directors are involved in certain legal proceedings and potential litigation.Any adverse decision in such proceedings may render us/them liable to liabilities/penalties and may adversely affect its business and results of operations.

Compititive positioning of Logistics service providers 


For FY 2017, 2016 and 2015, the revenue from operations was Rs. 5,611.83 crores, Rs. 5,198.70 crores, and Rs. 4,079.63 crores, respectively. (A CAGR of 17.3%.)

For FY 2017, 2016 and 2015, the net profit was Rs. 457.54 crores, Rs. 294.27 crores, and Rs. 246.57 crores, respectively, (A CAGR of 36.2%.)

For FY 2017, 2016 and 2015, the EBITDA was Rs. 742.82 crores, Rs. 699.40 crores, and Rs. 639.40 crores, respectively, (A CAGR of 7.8% during the last three Fiscals.)

Financial snapshot of Key companies.

financial snapshotValuations

On the upper price band of Rs.664/- and Restated FY17 EPS of Rs.11.69, P/E ratio works out to be 56x. Even based on last three years restated EPS of Rs. 9.41, P/E ratio works out to be 70x. Means, companies are asking higher price band of Rs.664/- in the P/E ratio of 56x to 70x. Its only listed peers Mahindra Logistics Ltd. is trading at P/E ratio of 68x. Hence we compare this way; Future supply chain is overpriced.  

Grey market premium

Currently, Grey market premium is Rs. 20/- ( Seller )


No financial information whatsoever published anywhere here should be construed as an offer to buy or sell securities, or as advice to do so in any way whatsoever. All matter published here is purely for educational and information purposes only and under no circumstances should be used for making investment decisions. Readers must consult a qualified financial advisor before making any actual investment decisions, based on information published here.