Bandhan Bank IPO Review and the list of anchor investors

Bandhan Bank (BB) is a commercial bank focused on serving underbanked and underpenetrated markets in India. It has a banking license that permits it to provide banking services pan-India across customer segments. BB currently offers a variety of asset and liability products and services designed for micro banking and general banking, as well as other banking products and services to generate non-interest income.

Its strength lies in microfinance, including a network of 2,022 doorstep service centers (“DSCs”) and 6.77 million micro loan customers that BFSL transferred to it, which it has grown to 2,546 DSCs and over 9.47 million microloan customers as of September 30, 2017.With the network of 2,546 doorstep service centers (DSCs) and 9.47 million microloan customers, the bank has strong very hold in microfinance. Bandhan bank has 864 bank branches and 386 ATMs serving over 1.87 million general banking customers. Banks distribution network is strong in East and Northeast India, with West Bengal, Assam and Bihar.

Bandhan Bank Raises Rs 1,342 Crore From Anchor Investors.

List of Anchor Investors

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IPO Dates & Price Band:

  • IPO Open: 15-March-2018
  • IPO Close: 19-March-2018
  • IPO Size: Approx Rs. 4470 Crore (Approx)
  • Face Value: Rs. 10 Per Equity Share
  • Price Band: Rs.370 to 375 Per Share
  • Listing on: BSE & NSE
  • Retail Portion: 35%
  • Equity: 119,280,494 Shares

Market Lot:

  • Shares: Apply for 40 Shares (Minimum Lot Size)
  • Amount: Rs.15,000

Allotment & Listing:

  • Basis of Allotment: 22-March-2018
  • Refunds: 23-March-2018
  • Credit to demat accounts: 26-March-2018
  • Listing: 27-March-2018

The promoters:

Bandhan Financial Holdings Limited,
Bandhan Financial Services Limited,
Financial Inclusion Trust And North east Financial Inclusion Trust.

Lead Managers:

Kotak Mahindra Capital
Company Limited
Axis Capital Limited
Goldman Sachs (India)
Securities Private Limited
JM Financial Institutional Securities Limited
P. Morgan India Private Limited

Registrar:

Karvy Computershare Private Limited

bandhanbank

Main objects of the issue are:

In terms of the RBI New Bank Licensing Guidelines, the Equity Shares of Bank are required to get listed on the stock exchanges within three years from the date of commencement of business of its Bank, i.e., on or before August 22, 2018. In light of the above, since the Bank is required to get listed on the stock exchanges on or before August 22, 2018, the Bank is undertaking this Issue.  The objects of the Fresh Issue are to augment the Bank’s Tier-I capital base to meet the Bank’s future capital requirements.

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2Strategy

Maintain focus on micro lending while expanding further into other retail and SME lending.

Continue to strengthen its liability franchise.

Boost share of non-interest income.

Enhance its digital platform to improve customer acquisition and retention and reduce costs.

Enhance retail banking systems and procedures to improve efficiency.

Strengths

Operating Model Focused on Serving Underbanked and Underpenetrated Markets.

Consistent Track Record of Growing a Quality Asset and Liability Franchise.

Extensive, Low-Cost Distribution Network.

Customer-Centric Approach.

Consistent Financial Performance and Robust Capital Base.

An experienced and professional team, backed by strong independent board.

2Positive

Focus on the underpenetrated region and new products to ensure loan book growth of more than 23 percent over FY18-20.

The net interest margins (NIMs) of the bank was strong at 9.86%, return on equity (RoE) of 25.55% and return on assets (ROA) of 4.07% (each on an annualized basis) in the nine months ended December 2017 compared with 10.34%, 27.88% and 4.39% in the nine months ended December 2016. The bank has maintained good asset quality amidst challenging macro environment. The gross NPAs stood at 1.67% and the net NPA at 0.80% at end December 2017.

The bank has grown quality asset base over the various phase of development. Its gross loan book has grown from and Rs 7768.79 crore as on 23 August 2015 to Rs 15578.44 crore end March 2016 to Rs 24364.39 crore end December 2017, while customers have increased from 6.77 million to 11.99 million. Deposits base have jumped to Rs 25293.96 crore with CASA ratio of 33.2% and retail deposits ratio of 85.1% end December 2017. The growth in low-cost liability business has led to a reduction in the cost of funding, allowing the bank to lower the lending interest rates while maintaining profitable spreads and further grow the portfolio and capture market share.

The bank’s distribution network is relatively low cost, which in particular is a result of “hub and spoke” model of using DSCs and associated bank branches, as well as focus on tech initiatives. This low-cost model is demonstrated by operating cost-to-income ratio was 35.38% for the nine months ended December 2017 and 36.31% for FY2017.

Overall earnings profile looks comfortable, with premium valuations expected to remain.

The issue seems richly priced, but the bank has a unique business model.

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Negative

Limited operating history and its fast-growing and rapidly evolving business make it difficult to evaluate its business and future operating results on the basis of its past performance, and its future results may not meet or exceed its past performance.

BB cannot effectively compare its financial statements for Fiscal Years 2015, 2016 and 2017 due to irregular terms of duration.

If BB is unable to manage the growth associated with the expansion of its branches, ATMs, and DSCs effectively, its financial, accounting, administrative and technology infrastructure, as well as its business and reputation could be adversely affected.

A substantial portion of its operations is located in East and Northeast India, making us vulnerable to risks associated with having geographically concentrated operations.

Business comprises both traditional general banking activities and modern micro banking activities that expose its business overall to the risks faced by each sector, which may negatively impact its performance.

BB derive a substantial portion of its interest income from advances that are due within one year, and a significant reduction in these short-term advances may result in a corresponding decrease in its interest income.

New India Assurance IPO Review and Current GMP

Microcredit lending has its own unique risks and, as a result, BB may experience increased levels of non-performing loans and related provisions and write-offs that negatively impact its results of operations.

BB rely primarily on deposits as a low-cost means of funding its loan portfolio and there is no guarantee that we will be able to source sufficient deposits or alternative funding to support its business.

An increase in its portfolio of non-performing assets may materially and adversely affect its business and results of operations.

BB may face risks associated with its large number of branches and widespread network of operations which may adversely affect its business, financial condition and results of operations.

Its business and financial results could be impacted materially by adverse results of legal proceedings.

BB does not own the premises at which its Registered and Corporate Office, branches, ATMs, DSCs and other office premises are located.

Comparison with PEERS

6813Valuation

Bandhan Bank’s EPS for 9M of FY2018 on post-issue equity works out to Rs 10.7. At the price band of Rs 370 to Rs 375, P/E works out to 34.6 to 35.0 times.

Post-issue book value of Bandhan Bank works out to Rs 75.6 at the issue price of 370 and Rs 76.0 at the issue price of Rs 375. P/BV works out to 4.9X and P/Adj BV is at 5.0X at the upper price band.

Among the comparable banks, RBL Bank is trading at P/BV (on 9M FY2018 BV) of 3.0X, AU Small Finance Bank is trading at P/BV of 8.4X, Yes Bank is trading at P/BV of 2.8X, IndusInd Bank is trading at P/BV of 4.4X.

Among the comparable NBFCs and leading microfinance lenders, Equitas Holding is trading at P/BV of 2.8X, Ujjivan Financial Services is trading at P/BV of 2.4X and Bharat Financial Inclusion is trading at P/BV of 5.6X.

Grey Market premium

Current GMP is Rs. 26 /- and Kostak is Rs. 800/-

 

DISCLAIMER

No financial information whatsoever published anywhere here should be construed as an offer to buy or sell securities, or as advice to do so in any way whatsoever. All matter published here is purely for educational and information purposes only and under no circumstances should be used for making investment decisions. Readers must consult a qualified financial advisor before making any actual investment decisions, based on information published here.

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