How to choose the best mutual fund for your portfolio

Selecting Right Mutual Fund is like selecting Right Life Partner. Any wrong decision can wipe out your personal wealth. What makes it more difficult is volatility in performance of mutual fund. Some people select Mutual Fund only on the basis on their rankings.

If mutual fund rankings  are 100% correct then all portals or financial advisers should suggest same set of mutual funds to their clients or readers. You will find large variation in the rankings of Mutual Funds.

Second problem is volatility in performance. A star performer fund this year might be worst performing fund next year. It is advisable to review the investment portfolio every 6 to 12 months. In short, undertake the exercise of selecting right mutual fund every 6 to 12 months. Third problem with Indian investor is that they invest without evaluating the investment objective. Reason being investment objective help to decide in which mutual fund class the investor should invest.

Lastly, it is absolutely necessary to understand in which direction economy will move in next 12 months.

Choosing a scheme from thousands of mutual fund schemes available in the market is not easy for many investors. Opting for the right mutual fund scheme is one of the biggest hurdles faced by many new investors. However, you would be fine if you are ready to follow some broad guidelines.

Alpha

A measure of a scheme’s over- or under-performance by comparison to its benchmark. It represents the return of the scheme when the benchmark is assumed to have a return of zero, and thus indicates the extra value that the manager’s activities have contributed.

Beta

Beta is a statistical estimate of a scheme’s volatility by comparison to that of its benchmark, i.e. how sensitive the scheme is to movements in the section of the market that comprises the benchmark. Beta close to 1 means a scheme is likely to move in line with its benchmark, greater than 1 and the scheme is more volatile than the benchmark.

r 2

The R-Squared measure is an indication of how closely correlated a scheme is to an index or a benchmark. It uses an R-Squared range between 0 and 1, with 0 indicating no correlation at all, and 1 showing a perfect match. Values upwards of 0.7 suggest that the scheme’s behaviour is increasingly closely linked to its benchmark, whereas the relevance begins to diminish below that.

Sharpe

Sharpe calculates the level of a scheme’s return against the return of a notional risk-free investment, such as cash or Government bonds. The difference in returns is then divided by the scheme’s standard deviation – its volatility, or risk measurement. The resulting ratio is an indication of the amount of excess return generated per unit of risk. Therefore, a negative Sharpe usually suggests investments would have been better off in risk-free government securities. When analysing similar investments, the one with the highest Sharpe has achieved more return while taking on no more risk than its fellows – or, conversely, has achieved a similar return with less risk.

riskVolatility

Volatility is calculated using standard deviation, a statistical measurement which, when applied to an investment scheme, expresses its volatility, or risk. Volatility shows how widely a range of returns varied from the scheme’s average return over a particular period.

Lower volatility means that the holding’s value changes at a steady pace over time.

Higher volatility means that the holding’s value fluctuates over short time periods.

Discrete Performance

The aggregate amount that the investment has gained or lost between two specified time periods.

Distribution of Returns

Distribution analysis looks at the distribution of returns over a given time period. The X axis shows all the possible returns with the theoretical range of -100% to + infinity.

The Y axis shows the frequency with which these returns occur. The purpose of this sort of analysis is to look past the scheme’s average return and determine whether it is the most likely return. This is done by looking at the bell curve and measuring the distributions skew and kurtosis.

Do Not Compare Yourself with Other Investors While Making Investment

Simple Annualised Performance

The absolute increase or decrease in value of an investment over a given period of time, expressed as a percentage per year.

Dividend Yield

The return on an investment by means of interest or dividends received from the holdings. Dividend Yield within fact sheets is supplied by the Scheme Manager on a regular basis, who is under no obligation to define the type of dividend yield supplied i.e. Gross/Net or Running/Redemption.

Tax treatment of dividends

Dividends received from all mutual funds are tax free in the hands of the investors.

However, in the case of debt funds the fund house pays a dividend distribution tax of 28.84% which includes surcharge and cess. In an equity mutual fund there is no dividend distribution tax.

Absolute Performance

This measure looks at the appreciation or depreciation that an asset achieves over a given period of time.Unlike Relative performance, which is compared to another measure or benchmark.

Calendar Year Performance

The aggregate amount that the investment has gained or lost between the dates 1st January to the 31st December for the specified year.

Compound Annualised Performance

The rate of return which represents the cumulative effect that a series of gains or losses have on an original amount of capital over a given period of time, typically one year and above, expressed on annual basis or return per year.

Note : Past performance of fund does not guarantee the future returns.

DISCLAIMER

No financial information whatsoever published anywhere here should be construed as an offer to buy or sell securities, or as advice to do so in any way whatsoever. All matter published here is purely for educational and information purposes only and under no circumstances should be used for making investment decisions. Readers must consult a qualified financial advisor prior to making any actual investment decisions, based on information published here.

How Small cap Funds beat Nifty : A complete analysis of Different charts and Fact sheet

1. Cumulative Performance Chart (%)
 
2. Discrete Bar Chart
 
3. FACT SHEET OF SMALL CAP INDEX
 
4. Interactive Performance chart
 
5. Distribution Chart Period Type 3 years
 
6. Ratio Table
 
7. Rolling Bar Chart
 
8. Systematic Investment plan ( SIP ) Chart for last 5 Years SIP of Rs. 50000/- p.m.
 
9. Regular Withdrawal chart

Initial Investment: 10000000.00

Data Frequency: Monthly

Withdrawals Date: 10th of the Month

Withdrawals Amount: 100000.00 Monthly For 5 years

Data Frequency: Monthly

Withdrawals Date: 10th of the Month

Withdrawals Amount: 100000.00 Monthly For 5 years

10. Static Scatter Chart
 

Cumulative Performance Chart  (%)

Cumulative Performance (%) Cumulative PerformanceDiscrete Bar Chart

Discrete Bar Chart

FACT SHEET OF SMALL CAP INDEX

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What are Dynamic Funds? ( Video )

Interactive Performance chartInteractive Performance chart 1Distribution Chart Period Type 3 years

Distribution Chart Period Type 3 years

Retirement Fund : What is a Systematic Withdrawal Plan ( VIDEO )

Ratio TableRatio TableRolling Bar Chart

Rolling Bar Chart

Do Not Compare Yourself with Other Investors While Making Investment

Systematic Investment plan ( SIP ) Chart for last 5 Years SIP of Rs. 50000/- p.m.

SIP CHART 4Regular Withdrawal chart

Initial Investment: 10000000.00

Data Frequency: Monthly

Withdrawals Date: 10th of the Month

Withdrawals Amount: 100000.00 Monthly For 5 years

Data Frequency: Monthly

Withdrawals Date: 10th of the Month

Withdrawals Amount: 100000.00 Monthly For 5 years

 

Regular withdrwal chart 2Static Scatter Chart

Static Scatter Chart

DISCLAIMER

Past performance of fund does not guarantee the future returns

No financial information whatsoever published anywhere here should be construed as an offer to buy or sell securities, or as advice to do so in any way whatsoever. All matter published here is purely for educational and information purposes only and under no circumstances should be used for making investment decisions. Readers must consult a qualified financial advisor before making any actual investment decisions, based on information published here.

Government Cautions People Against Risks in Investing in Virtual ‘Currencies’ ( Bitcoin ); Says VCs are like Ponzi Schemes

The ministry of finance cautioned people against the risks of investing in virtual currencies such as bitcoin which lack government fiat, comparing them with Ponzi schemes.

This follows a crackdown by the South Korean government on trading of bitcoins which led to an 8% drop in its value on Thursday.

Download (PDF, 38KB)

Are We Headed for Another Dot-Com Disaster?

bitcoin

“There is a real and heightened risk of investment bubble of the type seen in Ponzi schemes, which can result in sudden and prolonged crash exposing investors, especially retail consumers, losing their hard-earned money. Consumers need to be alert and extremely cautious as to avoid getting trapped in such Ponzi schemes.”

Bitcoin compared to other bubbles.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has issued three warnings against investments in cryptocurrencies — one each in December 2013, February 2017 and earlier this month. “The government also makes it clear that VCs are not legal tender and such VCs do not have any regulatory permission or protection in India. The investors and other participants, therefore, deal with these VCs entirely at their risk and should best avoid participating therein.”

Be alert Bitcoins are not approved by RBI

 

Why do I need a personal accident Insurance Policy?

These days due to increasing number of vehicles in the country, the number of accidents are happening. Life is capricious or uncertain. Anything can happen to anyone at any point in time. People purchase insurance to protect themselves financially against such unfortunate events. A good insurance portfolio ensures that all eventualities cover you or your finances. Life insurance proceeds will ensure that your family achieves the financial goals in your absence. A health insurance plan will provide quality health care for you and your family. Many people of us are inclined to feel that if we have adequate life, health or critical insurance, your finances are protected.

What about an accident or an illness that causes total or partial disability, which in turn compromises your ability to earn income at the level before the accident. Life insurance will typically not cover such a scenario. Health insurance covers only hospitalization expenses. You can see there is a gap, which is not covered. It is in such cases that a Personal Accident Cover can come in handy. Personal Accident Insurance plans offer limited coverage but are still better than nothing.Under your term cover, you might get the accident benefit rider on extra payment but it will mostly pay off in the cases of permanent total disability, thereby leaving all other temporary and partial disabilities. 

accidentAccidents are categorized as one of fatal health hazards worldwide. When this health hazard is put into the frame of a country where one person dies by accident every four-minute, it does require our attention. According to World Health Organization (WHO) report, about 12.5 crore people die every year due to accidents and between 200-500 crore sustain injuries.

A personal accident policy covers death, permanent total disability, permanent partial disability and total temporary disability due to an accident. First of all, these events have to happen in an accident. If the insured person dies or gets totally or partially disabled through a natural illness, such disability (or death) will not be covered under a personal accident policy.

If one day on your way back home you meet with an accident which may leave you paralyzed for life? It is scary. But, this can happen and might leave a long-lasting impact on your life. With lives lost daily and injuries rising rapidly due to accidents, we come across many cases of permanent total or permanent partial disability. A personal accident cover helps in such a scenario by providing coverage for disability, which is not typically covered under either life or health insurance.

personalWhat if you fall victim to temporary total disablement, how would you meet the income/Job loss caused by it. In such a case, your personal accident cover comes handy with income coverage part. This means, if for some time you are completely bedridden due to injury, you will be paid a certain percentage of your sum assured weekly to compensate the income/Job loss scenario.

When you are young, your chances of meeting with an accident are higher. According to WHO report, people aged between 15 and 44 years account for 48% of global road-traffic deaths; If this is just the data for deaths, imagine the rate of disability prone youth. Hence, it is always advisable to opt for a personal accident cover when you first start earning. The plan provides a considerable protection for a very low premium. While you get 100% payout in case of permanent total disability, in partial disability you get paid depending on the extent of the loss. For example; for the loss of an eye, the policy will pay 50% of the total coverage, for the loss of a leg it will typically pay 50-70% of the total coverage.

Say a strict no to Guaranteed Life Insurance Plans

Regardless of the fact whether you got hit by a two-wheeler or a four-wheeler, your personal accident insurance will cover even minor things like falling off a bike, among others. Not only this, even small injuries like broken bones, fractures, cuts, burns, etc. which do not require hospitalization, get covered under a personal accident cover.

The rule of thumb says you should go for a cover that is eight to ten times your annual income. The personal, emotional or mental trauma triggered by accident often leaves a permanent scar on life. Therefore, having a personal accident insurance can decrease that stress and can make your life a little less stressful. It can brace you from the financial hardships.

plan

The premiums for an accident cover are abysmally low. For a sum assured of Rs 5 lakh, your premiums can be as small as Rs. 600/- p.a. for death, total and partial disability coverage. This is probably equivalent to what you may pay for a meal for two when buying a food delivery app. However, we suggest that you should always buy a cover, which is at least ten times your annual salary. This is because your accident cover acts as your income in the event of death or disability. The product currently is an evolving one, and most insurers provide a protection of up to Rs 30 lakh online. The higher sum assured can be brought offline only.

HOW CAN YOU SETTLE YOUR INSURANCE CLAIM IF REJECTED?

Personal accident cover is required only to take care of permanent disability (total or partial). Your life insurance, health insurance, and emergency corpus should take care of accidental death, accident-related hospitalization and temporary loss of income.

Permanent disability, total or partial, can compromise your earning ability. In fact, it can even add to your expenses. You may require domiciliary treatment (treatment at home), physiotherapy sessions or nurse support. No health insurance coverage will cover such costs beyond a point.

Under performance of Equity Mutual Fund against their respective Benchmarks

A large number of equity mutual funds in the country has underperformed against their respective benchmark indices over the last five years.

Around 44% of the open-ended diversified equity mutual fund schemes failed to beat their benchmark in the last year. Nine schemes underperformed their benchmarks by over ten percentage points. 31 schemes underperformed by five to ten percentage points. There are 275 open-ended diversified equity schemes.

MFEven the schemes that managed to beat their benchmarks in the last year, 26 schemes outpaced their benchmark by only up to two percentage points.

Moving to specific categories, out of 65 large cap schemes, 30 schemes underperformed their benchmark.

What are Dynamic Funds? ( Video )

The mid-cap category was the worst hit, with 62 percent schemes underperforming. We had a total of 34 mid-cap schemes on our list. 

Around 50 percent multi-cap schemes failed to beat their benchmark. Four in seven small-cap schemes remained under-performers.

Sectoral schemes, which are considered risky because of their focused sector exposure, had 11 under-performing schemes out of 49 schemes in total.

We have compiled a set of top under-performing funds in one-year period across equity categories given in the following table.

return

The scorecard reveals a majority of large-cap equity funds failed to beat the S&P CNX Nifty, the benchmark for large caps, with 53.33 percent underperforming their benchmark over the last five years, 57.14 percent during the previous three years and 52.63 percent over the previous year.

The percentage of actively managed equity funds underperforming the benchmark indices has seen a declining trend since December 2010. However, their number still exceeds those outperforming the index.

Retirement Fund : What is a Systematic Withdrawal Plan ( VIDEO )

Many actively-managed equity mutual fund schemes have failed or struggled to beat their benchmarks. Always place a lot of emphasis on consistency of performance while choosing a scheme to invest. As a rule, ignore short-term scorching performance while picking a scheme.

However, data from the diversified funds and equity-linked saving schemes (ELSS) suggests a percentage of funds outperforming the benchmark in both one-year and three-year period is stable as compared to five-year period.

Active managers of equity-oriented hybrid funds have also fallen behind benchmarks over both the one-year and five-year time frames.

 

DISCLAIMER

No financial information whatsoever published anywhere here should be construed as an offer to buy or sell securities, or as advice to do so in any way whatsoever. All matter published here is purely for educational and information purposes only and under no circumstances should be used for making investment decisions. Readers must consult a qualified financial advisor before making any actual investment decisions, based on information published here.

LIC CANCER COVER PLAN – REVIEW

LIC had launched its second health insurance related plan which is named as LIC Cancer Cover (Plan-905) on 14th November 2017. LIC’s Cancer Cover is a regular premium payment health insurance plan which provides financial protection in case the Life Assured is diagnosed with any of the stages of Cancer during the policy term. This plan covers both the early stage cancer and significant stage cancer.

It is an online health insurance plan which has low premiums, and it comes with some benefits and add-on features.

LIC CANCER PLANFeatures-

It comes with numerable benefits like lump sum benefit, premium waiver benefit, income benefit which would be paid till ten years every month, and many more.

  • This plan has one month grace period.
  • Loan facility is not available in this policy as the policy will not acquire any paid-up value or surrender value.
  • The term period of policy is 10-30 years.
  • Tax rebate available under Income Tax under section 80D for premium amount paid.
  • It comes with two sum assured plans, i.e., Level 1 and Level 2.
  • This policy is non-linked and regular premium paying health insurance plan.
  • Basic sum assured is between Rs 10 Lakhs to Rs 50 Lakhs.
  • Free look period of 15 days if the policyholder is not satisfied with terms and conditions of the policy.
  • The policy will lapse if premium not paid within the grace period, though it can be revived but within two years of first unpaid premium.
  • The policy can be bought through online on LIC website.
  • No third party agencies are involved in this policy.
  • Nominations are available in this plan.
  • Policy can be assigned under as per Sec 38 of Insurance Act 1983.

Say a strict no to Guaranteed Life Insurance Plans

Sum Assured Options-

  • Level Sum Insured

The basic sum insured will remain the same throughout the policy term period.

  • Increasing Sum Insured

The sum insured increases by 10% of basic sum insured each year for first five years starting from the first policy anniversary or until the diagnosis of  first event of cancer, whichever is earlier. On diagnosis of any specified cancer as mentioned above, all the claims will be based on the increased sum insured at the policy anniversary coinciding or prior to the diagnosis of the first claim and further increases to this sum insured will not be applicable.

Benefits-

  • Lump sum Benefit-
  1. Early stage cancer In this stage, the early stage cancer is diagnosed, 25% of sun insured would be paid immediately to be insured.
  2. Major stage cancer in this stage of cancer, 100% sum insured would be paid on being diagnosed.
  • Premium Waiver Benefit-
  1. Early stage cancer In this stage of cancer, first three years premium would be waived and later the premium payment to be continued.
  2. Major stage cancer In this stage, all future premium payments would be waived off.
  • Income Benefit-
  1. Early stage cancer benefit is not available.
  2. Major stage cancer In this stage, 1% of basic sum insured would be paid every policy month for ten years irrespective of the policy term, i.e., even if policy tenure is over, this benefit amount has been paid.

LIC Jeevan Shikhar Plan : Tax Saver or Loser

  • Tax Benefit-

Tax benefits are available under section 80D of medical insurance but not under 80C as this is health insurance plan and not life insurance plan.

  • No Maturity and Death Benefit is available in this plan.

Eligibility Criteria for this plan-

LIC TABLEPremiums Payable under this plan-

For 20 years of term period and sum insured of Rs. 10 lakhs would have premiums accordingly:

  • Male whose age is 30 years For level 1 premium is Rs. 1,404 and for level 2 premiums is Rs. 1,841.
  • Male whose age is 40 years For level 1 premium is Rs. 3,044 and for level 2 premium is Rs. 4,224.
  • Male whose age is 50 years For level 1 premium is Rs. 9,936 and for level 2 premium is Rs. 14,101.
  • Female whose age is 30 years For level 1 premium is Rs. 2,856 and for level 2 premium is 3,953.
  • Female whose age is 40 years For level 1 premium is Rs. 5,546 and for level 2 premium is 7,753.
  • Female whose age is 50 years For level 1 premium is Rs. 9,900 and for level 2 premium is Rs. 13,476.

Waiting periods in this plan-

A waiting period of 6 months will be applied from the date of issuance of policy or date of revival of risk cover whichever is later, to the first diagnosis of any stage of cancer.

What are the Reasons Behind Most Women not Having a Health Insurance Cover?

Exclusions-

  • Any Pre-Existing Condition.
  • If the diagnosis of a Cancer was made within 180 days from the Date of issuance of policy or date of revival of risk cover whichever is later.
  • For any medical conditions suffered by the life assured or any medical procedure undergone by the life assured if that medical condition or that medical procedure was caused directly or indirectly by Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), AIDS-related complex or infection by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
  • For any medical condition or any medical procedure arising from the donation of any of the Life Assured organs.
  • For any medical conditions suffered by the Life Assured or any medical procedure undergone by the Life Assured, if that medical condition or that medical procedure was caused directly or indirectly by alcohol or drug (except under the direction of a registered medical practitioner).
  • For any medical condition or any medical procedure arising from nuclear contamination; the radioactive, explosive or hazardous nature of nuclear fuel materials or property contaminated by nuclear fuel materials or accident arising from such nature.

 

DISCLAIMER

All matter published here is purely for educational and information purposes only and under no circumstances should be used for making investment decisions. Readers must consult a qualified financial advisor before making any actual investment decisions, based on information published here.

Do Not Compare Yourself with Other Investors While Making Investment

There is very fine line said by Dan Jensen that, ‘The only goal is to be better than myself, my biggest competition is with no one but myself only.’ that simply means that one should not compare himself with others in any aspect of life but try improving his own work and skills and same applies while making an investment and expecting positive results from it.

In other words, comparing yourself with others can be a very futile and caustic act as we all have our own different goals and skills and we all are not in the same race, our ways to make investments are dissimilar.

Have you ever seen Warren Buffett making any investment with Carl Ichan strategies or Peter Lynch making any investment in David Tepper’s style? The answer is a clear No because they all have their own rules and strategies to make investments and create positive results out of it. Some ways of investing are for long-term, some are short-term, some are for value, some are for growth, some bet on the change and some bet on the things that won’t. It’s even more captivating to hear the different opinions from the two value investors looking at the same company. So, the key point is not making a comparison with others instead compared you with yourself one or two years ago.

compare

Also, one must keep in mind that to be a good investor he must follow more discipline and try to make less investment decision as possible. That simply means you have to believe in your investment decisions that will do good without your involvement. Not comparing yourself to other investors and their performance is not enough for you; you must not worry about other’s opinion also. If you are a contrarian investor, you should not even listen to and worry about people’s opinion about yourself. If you listen to their opinion, it is because you are having more confidence in them than you have in yourself.

Download our first e-book on Higher education costing in foreign countries.

Here are three key points that can help you in making beneficial results from the investments-

Believe in yourself

If you see yourself as a successful investor in future, you must believe in the rules made by you for you. You must have proper planning and strategies for different investments, and you have to believe in that philosophy and the strategies even during tough times. The thing is if you are not willing to take risks and you do not have courage and patience then you can never be an investor.

Do not make unnecessary investments

It is mandatory to know that every investment is not going to give you positive results, so you do not have to invest in all kinds of opportunities or environment. For example, in 1999 the technology is in boom period but Warren Buffett did not make any investment in it, and people said, ‘that’s it for Buffett, he’s too old now.’ And at that time Warren said that ‘I don’t do tech because I don’t understand it and I think it is not for me. I am going to sit it out.

Have the guts to face the failure

The more you get experience in making investments you will come to know that discipline is a must in investing. Sometimes you have to sit out and watch other investors making money in the exact investments that you have already passed on. It is not necessary to follow the trend and invest in everything; you only have to make investments in the things you really know about and then stick to your process with confidence.

Download our first e-book on Higher education costing in foreign countries.

Access to higher education is easier now, with good colleges in India and foreign universities wooing students. But, parents must plan and start saving early to build a corpus for their children’s higher studies. And, while it is an important financial goal, such saving should not be prioritised over other goals like saving for retirement.

There has to be a balance between funding short-term and long-term goals. When we speak of long-term goals, families should put retirement as the first priority and then children’s education. For, if children’s education is partly unfunded, there are several options like scholarships or educational loans. But, if your retirement is unfunded, no institution will come forward to fund it. So, parents should not put the child’s education at the mercy of their own retirement planning.

Retirement Fund : What is a Systematic Withdrawal Plan ( VIDEO )

“Some parents also invest in land or property, hoping to sell this when a need arises. However, immovable assets might be illiquid. At the time of need, these might not fetch the amount of money one hopes for. It is risky to depend solely on these.”

“The most important factors to consider are safety of the corpus and the rate of return on your investment. The returns should outperform the rate of increase in the cost of education,”

higher study

“Given that education inflation is much higher than consumer inflation, we assume an inflation of 12 per cent for children’s education. This means there has to be some allocation to a high risk/return asset class like equity, as per the family’s comfort level and risk appetite.”

 

Download our first e-book on Higher education costing in foreign countries.

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