It has been an eminent journey for the Indian mutual fund industry since now. The MF industry has made outstanding steps over the past few years. The investors have raised a substantial ₹1.3 lakh crores in equity mutual funds in 2017. But, the percentage of mutual fund assets in household savings is very less in India.
According to the data from RBI, the percentage of mutual funds in financial assets is as low as 13%. The percentage of mutual funds will be even lesser if we add household savings in the physical assets, i.e., gold, petroleum, real estate etc. Even after the immense success of the Indian MF industry, the most selected choice for people is still bank deposits which are approx. 50% of the household financial assets.Source: RBI
One can see that mutual funds savings are even less than 22% of the total bank deposits. The similar percentage in the US (United States) is around 101%. Moreover, almost the top 60 district of India hold the immense percentage of the mutual fund industry AUM. Except for those districts, the penetration of mutual funds in household savings in remaining part of India is appallingly less. One of the numerous reasons behind the low penetration of mutual funds in the country is the deficiency of financial awareness.
Doubtlessly equity is an uneasy and unpredictable asset class. There are sudden fluctuations in the stock market and this is called volatility. If you have invested in equity and your investment generally makes more hike in up-markets than it drops in down-markets, then it is a sign that your probability of getting impressive results are very high than of suffering loss over long investment tenure which is very low.
Performance in 5 years
The time period of five years, i.e. from 2014 to 2018 covers uncommon market conditions. 2014 was a year with a rising price. It was the year with a bull market with Lok Sabha elections and BJP coming to authority. 2015 was a good year stock market-wise having a correction worldwide as well as in India. 2016 started with a significant drop within the first 2 months, followed by an improvement. 2017 was a contrary year to a bull market. 2018 started with a volatility period of 3 months in the market, and since then the market is mostly seen as range-bound.
Different asset class
In this exploration, BSE-100 is taken as the proxy for the equities. BSE-100 symbolizes the large-cap province of stocks. Large-cap stocks hold the immense majority of overall market capitalization in the stock markets. CRISIL Composite Bond index represents the long-term i.e. more than 5 years, medium i.e. 3 to 5 years and short-term i.e. 1 to 3 years fixed income investment. CRISIL liquid fund index represents very short-term fixed investments i.e. less than a year and this index is similar to the savings bank.
Performance in 2014
As mentioned 2014 was a year with a rising or a bull market year. All the asset classes performed well in 2014 except gold. And BSE-100 was outperformed.
Performance in 2015
2015 started amazingly for equities but there was a great rectification in the month of March and there was high volatility in the stock market for the rest of the 9 months period with a downward bias. Predictably, equity not performed so well in such market-conditions but still is the best performer if we combine the 2014 and 2015 performance of all asset classes.
Performance in 2016
2016 started with under-performance by equity, driven mostly because of the slowdown in economy on the back of dropping prices of crude oil. But the stock market made a recovery in the month of March and maintained it or the remaining year.
Performance in 2017
2017 was the great year for the stock market. Equity performed exceptionally well in 2017 and after the under-performing period of 2 years, BSE-100 provides more than 30% returns.
Performance in 2018
2018, as many investors know, saw a lot of volatility and the market has been range-bound over the last few months. Let us how different asset classes have performed so far this year.
Large-cap equity vs. mid and small-cap
According to the data, mid-cap and small-cap stocks have dropped 20% to 30% in 2018. Even though mid-cap and small-cap funds are capable enough to provide high returns in the long-term period but large-cap funds and stocks are less volatile than them. Large-cap funds deliver balance to the investment portfolio and these funds should contain the core of the portfolio.
Equity seems to be the worst performing asset class in 2018 but the outstanding performance between the period of 2014 and 2017 ensures that equity shows itself as the best performer over the entire period.
Note : Past performance of fund does not guarantee the future returns.
Mutual Fund Investment are Subjected to Market Risks, Read all Scheme Related Document Carefully.
Disclaimer: No financial information whatsoever published anywhere here should be construed as an offer to buy or sell securities, or as advice to do so in any way whatsoever. All matter published here is purely for educational and information purposes only and under no circumstances should be used for making investment decisions. Readers must consult a qualified financial advisor before making any actual investment decisions, based on information published here.