Follow the 5 simple rules to select debt schemes

The recent credit downgrades have unnerved mutual fund investors.

Follow the 5 simple rules to select debt schemes

  1. Invest in a fund matching your credit & interest rate risk appetite. Always factor in the possibility of default.

Rethink if, – AAA bonds < 50%

Duration > 2

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2. Check how diversified is the debt portfolio. A 10,000 cr AUM is invested in just 20-30 bonds, or is spread across 50-80 bonds? This ensures basic safety through diversification. If there are fewer bonds, ensure they are all highest rated, else concentration increases risk.

3. Check the concentration risk of the portfolio especially in lower-rated bonds. High exposure in a single paper means, higher loss in case of default. A high % exposure, say 5-9%, in a very low rated paper, shows recklessness. Much more in multiple papers is indicates higher risk.

4. Check the levels of diversification across all the schemes of the mutual fund. That gives an idea of existence or otherwise of risk management across the fund house. That is a sign of a far greater sense of responsibility towards investors money, a sign of not being reckless.

5. While a fund, it’s fund manager & fund house selection is important, diversification across fund houses is VERY important. Even if a fund house conforms to your expectations today, there are no guarantees that it will continue to conform in the future.

 

Note: Mutual fund investments are subject to market risks read all scheme related documents carefully.

DISCLAIMER:

No financial information whatsoever published anywhere here should be construed as an offer to buy or sell securities, or as advice to do so in any way whatsoever. All matter published here is purely for educational and information purposes only and under no circumstances should be used for making investment decisions. Readers must consult a qualified financial advisor before making any actual investment decisions, based on information published here.

Do your mutual funds have exposure to Essel Group?

Many investors are concerned about the impact the Essel Group fiasco will have on their mutual fund investments.

The Essel Group claims to have reached an understanding with lenders who hold pledged shares of the group’s promoters. This could arrest the decline in the Essel Group stocks. Group companies shares had plummeted 10-33% on Friday, triggered by reports of payment defaults and sale of pledged shares.

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While the sharp fall in stock prices dented the NAVs of equity funds holding these scrips, there were fears that the crisis would spread to debt funds as well. More than Rs 8,000 crore worth of bonds and debentures issued by group companies is held by 150 debt mutual funds. Of this, Rs 6,329 is invested in 60 open-ended debt funds while the balance Rs 1,672 crore is in 90 fixed maturity plans (FMPs).

In a statement issued after the meeting with lenders, the Essel Group stated that it has been agreed that the no default will be declared due to the steep fall in price and there will be synergy and co-operation amongst lenders.
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The Aditya Birla Sun Life Mutual Fund is the biggest investor, with an exposure of Rs 2,936 crore spread across 28 schemes. This is almost 37% of the total debt fund exposure to the Zee group. 

However, Aditya Birla Mutual fund is confident that the prices of these bonds and debentures will not be impacted. “These bonds are secure.” 

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One scheme alone has Rs 1,288 crore invested in Zee group bonds. As on 31 December 2018, the Aditya Birla Sun Life Medium Term Plan held zero-coupon bonds worth Rs 720 crore issued by Sprit Infrapower & Multiventures Pvt Ltd. (credit rating A) and Rs 568 issued by Adilink Infra & Multitrading Private Ltd (unrated). The two holdings account for 12.5% of the fund’s total Rs 10,272 crore portfolio and are its top holdings.

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Another scheme, the Aditya Birla Sun Life Credit Risk Fund, held Rs 740 crore worth of zero-coupon bonds of Sprit Infrapower & Multiventures Pvt Ltd. and Adilink Infra & Multitrading Private Ltd. The two holdings account for 9.2% of its portfolio, with Spirit Infrapower as its top holding (5.62%). The Aditya Birla Sun Life Dynamic Bond Fund has over 8% of its Rs 5,136 crore portfolio invested in Sprit Infrapower bonds.
In percentage terms, Baroda Mutual Fund schemes have the largest exposure to bonds issued by Zee group companies. As on 31 December 2018, the Baroda Credit Risk Fund had Rs 168 crore invested in zero-coupon bonds of ARM Infra & Utilities Pvt Ltd. and Cyquator Media Services Pvt. Ltd. Together, this is 17.7% of its Rs 947 crore portfolio.

The silver lining for debt fund investors is the new rule that allows side pocketing of distressed assets. It is an accounting method that separates illiquid bonds from quality investments in a debt portfolio. If the Zee group bonds crash, open-ended debt funds may cushion themselves by putting them aside in a separate side portfolio. The fund’s NAV then reflects the value of the liquid assets, with a separate NAV assigned to the side pocket assets based on their estimated value.

However, this will not apply to fixed maturity plans (FMPs) where the scheme has a limited tenure and bonds are held till maturity. HDFC Mutual Fund, the second largest investor in Zee group debt with an exposure of Rs 1,196 crore, has most of its exposure through FMPs. It has invested over Rs 900 crore in bonds and debentures through 38 FMPs. Some FMPS have over 20% of their assets invested in Zee group companies.

Note: Mutual fund investments are subject to market risks read all scheme related documents carefully.

DISCLAIMER:

No financial information whatsoever published anywhere here should be construed as an offer to buy or sell securities, or as advice to do so in any way whatsoever. All matter published here is purely for educational and information purposes only and under no circumstances should be used for making investment decisions. Readers must consult a qualified financial advisor before making any actual investment decisions, based on information published here.

What happens to MF exposure to DHFL debt after downgrades by CARE

For mutual funds with exposure to DHFL debt, a rating downgrade means that there will be a mark to market impact on individual bond prices, also affecting NAV

After CARE cut ratings from “AAA” to “AA+” for debentures, loans and deposits. Rating for commercial paper (“A1+) has kept under watch with developing implications.

With DHFL group companies debt mess coming under the lens, global brokerage Credit Suisse has warned that it could trigger a second wave of risk aversion in India’s debt fund industry.

Earlier, India’s debt mart faced a major risk aversion during September-October following a debt default by the IL&FS group.

The DHFL debt mess is expected to have a resonating effect as the company is among the larger borrowers from mutual funds (MFs) and their aggregate exposure stood at around Rs 8,650 crore as of December 2018. That amounts to about 0.7 per cent of debt mutual funds asset under management as of December 2018.

DHFL ALLOCATION

About Rs.7,800 crore of such debt has been purchased by open-ended MF schemes, while the rest of the money is with closed-ended funds. Open-ended funds are where investors have the highest liquidity since you can come in or go out anytime. Closed-ended funds don’t allow you to exit before maturity.

Several fund houses have large exposures to DHFL, at 2-15 per cent of total debt AUM, with some schemes having up to 30 per cent of their AUM to DHFL

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UTI Mutual Fund had the maximum exposure of around Rs 2,144 crore as of December 31, 2018, followed by Reliance AMC at Rs 1,488 crore, Axis AMC at Rs 771 crore and Franklin Templeton Rs 571 crore.

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The DHFL issue may result into more scrutiny of credit risk in debt funds, and considering the fact that NBFC funding relies on MFs for 10-30 per cent of their borrowings, debt funds flow will see some hiccups in the coming days.

Some schemes have taken mark-to-market (MTM) losses on this exposure with DHFL paper being repriced at higher yields. Credit Suisse warned if this continues and leads to redemption pressure, it may cause a second wave of risk aversion in domestic debt funds and volatility in their flows.

In the open-ended space, about Rs 300 crore of exposure is to Aadhaar Housing Finance, which will now become the responsibility of Blackstone. DHFL is a Rs 6,200 crore of debt exposure for funds.

Debt raised by firms like DHFL is repaid within a few months (or years) as per maturity. If DHFL at some point is not able to honour its obligations, then that will be default like situation eg. IL&FS. However, such a situation may not really happen.

As a precautionary measure, some mutual funds may, however, write down the value of the bonds.

There is also the option to segregate or side-pocket bad assets so that the impact of the downgrade does not lead to panic redemptions. However, side pocketing can happen only in extreme cases, and that too when there is a default-like scenario.

Existing investors – For mutual funds with exposure to DHFL debt, a rating downgrade means that there will be a mark to market (MTM) impact on individual bond prices. This means there will be an impact on the Net Asset Value (NAV) of the funds.

In some cases, the MTM impact of the first series of downgrades on bond prices can be as significant as 25%. This means a 5% position for the bond in a fund would result in a negative 1.25% MTM performance attribution due to bond holding.

Any redemption from such funds at this point would result in an actual booking of losses.

Keep an eye on schemes with 10-33% exposure to single DHFL security.

Such examples are DHFL Pramerica Ultra Short Term (Dewan Housing Finance Corpn. Ltd. TR-1(30-Apr-19), JM Income (Dewan Housing Finance Corporation Ltd. SR-I CATG III & IV 09.10% (09-Sep-19)), JM Short Term Fund (Dewan Housing Finance Corporation Ltd. SR-I CATG III & IV 09.10% (09-Sep-19)), JM Low Duration (Dewan Housing Finance Corporation Ltd. SR-I CATG III & IV 09.10% (09-Sep-19)), Baroda Dynamic Bond (Dewan Housing Finance Corporation Ltd. SR-III CATG III & IV 09.25% (09-Sep-23)), DHFL Pramerica Medium Term (Dewan Housing Finance Corporation Ltd. SR-II CATG III & IV 9.15% (09-Sep-21)), DHFL Pramerica Floating Rate (Dewan Housing Finance Corporation Ltd. SR-I CATG I & II 09.05% (23-Sep-19)), DHFL Pramerica Low Duration (Dewan Housing Finance Corporation Ltd. SR-I CATG I & II 09.05% (23-Sep-19)), BNP Paribas Medium Term (Dewan Housing Finance Corporation Ltd. SR-I CAT I-IV 08.90% (04-Jun-21)), BOI AXA Short Term Income (Dewan Housing Finance Corporation Ltd. CATG I & II SR-IV 9.1% (16-Aug-19)), Tata Medium Term (Dewan Housing Finance Corporation Ltd. SR-I CAT I-IV 08.90% (04-Jun-21)).

 

Note: Mutual fund investments are subject to market risks read all scheme related documents carefully.

DISCLAIMER:

No financial information whatsoever published anywhere here should be construed as an offer to buy or sell securities, or as advice to do so in any way whatsoever. All matter published here is purely for educational and information purposes only and under no circumstances should be used for making investment decisions. Readers must consult a qualified financial advisor before making any actual investment decisions, based on information published here.

 

More pain seen in NBFC sector in next few months

The 50 largest NBFCs are looking for Rs. 700 billion in just the current month. The sector needs Rs 1.2 trillion in the current quarter and will have to refinance 40 percent of its debt over the next 12 months.

In India, crises move slowly. We’ve known for years that the state-controlled banks that dominate the financial sector were groaning under the weight of bad loans. For years, though, the government successfully kicked the can down the road. All those assets haven’t been accounted for yet, the banks haven’t been fully recapitalized, the bankruptcy process isn’t working to schedule, yet somehow the banks are still chugging along.

Frustrated entrepreneur sleeping on the table with a bomb of financial crisis on his head. Concept of bankruptcy and financial crisis

India’s luck may be about to run out. The country’s shadow banking sector — dominated by what officials call “non-banking financial corporations” or NBFCs faces something of reckoning over the next month. Ever since a leading NBFC  Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services Ltd., or IL&FS defaulted on some of its debt recently, the entire sector has been starved of funds. The amount shadow banks managed to raise through the sale of commercial paper short-term debt fell by 65 percent in October, according to Edelweiss.

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cp paper 2IL&FS ran into trouble because it was borrowing short to lend long. Given that such behavior is common throughout the sector, everyone is worried about whether shadow banks will be able to roll over their debt. The 50 largest NBFCs are looking for Rs. 700 billion in just the current month. The sector needs Rs 1.2 trillion in the current quarter and will have to refinance 40 percent of its debt over the next 12 months.

principle ultraSome of the bigger shadow banking players, particularly in housing finance, might find that the liabilities due to be paid are higher than their assets maturing over the same period. The sector is in dangerous territory.

For India and its government, this poses a real problem one that will get worse if a few big NBFCs collapse because there’s insufficient liquidity in the market. While shadow banks account for at most 15 percent of lending in India, they seemed like safe and attractive destinations for the savings of the middle-class. They’ve also become central to infrastructure finance over the past few years. If a lack of funds slows down the real estate and infrastructure sectors and thus construction blue-collar jobs, too, would be lost. This isn’t the sort of thing any government wants just months before an election.

BOI AXAThat’s why all sorts of bailout schemes are being planned. Some of them might be worth trying. Most, though, look like bad ideas.

For instance, India’s largest bank, the State Bank of India, has promised to buy Rs. 450 billion of shadow-banking assets and banks have been allowed to lend more to NBFCs. There’s nothing inherently wrong with a bank buying distressed assets, as long as we can be sure it’s being done in the bank’s best interests and not because bureaucrats in New Delhi think that state-run banks’ money is theirs to command. If people fear that banks aren’t being sufficiently discriminating when buying NBFC assets, they’d have even more reason to worry about the asset quality of those banks. In other words, bailouts could spread contagion, not contain it.

What’s more problematic, perhaps, is the government’s insistence that the Reserve Bank of India opens up a special window to lend money to the sector as it has for banks. Think of this as being something like what the Federal Reserve did during the 2008 crisis when it expanded its historic role and chose to become a lender of last resort even to shadow banks.

dsp creditThe RBI is resisting; it doesn’t think there’s a systemic risk here. It also thinks it can do better than the central banks of the West did in 2008. While the latter may have prevented a crisis, finance got off too easy. The RBI seems convinced that India’s shadow banks need to clean up their act and they won’t if they get access to easy money now. If a firm or three end up going under, so be it. That would be better than using public money to create a dozen more failures such as IL&FS over the next few years.

This is a genuinely brave and praiseworthy stand. One of the great wonders of Indian economic history is that so few firms are allowed to fail in an economy that constantly under-performs expectations. That’s one reason few sectors manage to rise above mediocrity: The market is never really allowed to work.

This crisis may be an opportunity to change that mindset. India needs a vibrant shadow banking sector; there are some things that regular banks just can’t or won’t do. But the country won’t get one by coddling institutions that are borrowing at the wrong tenures and lending to the wrong sectors.

By Bloomberg

The biggest worry for global financial markets is China

China is the 2nd largest economy in the whole world and carries substantial economic hit with its trading partners. However, the slight fall in China’s equity market on 23rd November 2017 has set a fret in financial markets of China.

China Blue-chip stock index, CSI 300 had experienced its worst downfall in 17 months on 23rd of November. CSI 300 index fell by 2.93% as the market became worried about rising bond yields and PBoC deleveraging campaign.

CHINA

The current year, China’s bond yields have risen by 93 bps and are trading at 3-year highs. The sharp rise in China bond yields specifies the government’s determination to control corporate debt, which involves them in a talk that Chinese economy could fall in the coming future.

                                                        China CSI 300 Index

CSIThe top stock on Hang Seng was WH Group Ltd which stood up 1.69% and the stock which suffered loss was AAC Technologies Holdings Inc which sustained a downfall of 4.24%.

The 3 biggest H-shares percentage decliners were China Pacific Insurance Group Corporation Ltd which had a downfall of 4.73%, New China Life Insurance Corporation Ltd which has 4.7% and China Merchants Bank Corporation Ltd down by 4.1% while the biggest stocks which perform well were China Minsheng Banking Corporation Ltd which stood up 2.41%, Great Wall Motor Corporation Ltd which gained 0.98% and China railway Construction Corporation Ltd who stood up 0.77% in the Chinese financial market.

                                                China 10 Years Bond Yields

BONDSThe CSI 300 index is moving smoothly by 3.3% and closed down at 3% which is its biggest loss since June 2016 i.e., within 17 months. The ChiNext Index stood down by 3.2% which is its highest downfall in 4 months. The other two stocks, i.e., Shanghai Composite Index and Shenzhen Composite Index fell more than 2% that day.

Three finance lessons for your child

According to the report, China’s five years corporate bond yields had risen by 33 bps in November 2017, which has hit a three year high of 5.3%. In China, there is more than 1 trillion dollar of local bonds which are going to get matured in the coming year 2018-2019, therefore, it is going to be expensive for these firms to roll over financing.

 

What are Dynamic Funds? ( Video )

Every stock market investor wants to buy equities when markets are at their low and sell them when markets are at their peak. But it’s easier said than done as it is always hard to resist temptation when markets are near their peak and it’s always tough to find the courage to jump into equity markets when the markets are falling. But if the investors are willing to take the mutual funds route the above can be easily done with the help of dynamic mutual funds.

Dynamic funds switch between different asset classes, depending on their attractiveness.

Dynamic funds are specifically designed to switch seamlessly between equity and debt, depending on the market conditions. The fund manager of this scheme shifts between the asset classes based on their attractiveness as indicated by certain valuation metrics. Hence, in a rising market scenario, these funds will invest a larger portion of the corpus in equities and hold a lesser amount in debt and cash.

DYNAMIC FUND

In the case of a falling market, the scheme will allocate more money to debt and, perhaps, hold more cash, while slashing the exposure to equities. Even hybrid funds do that, but they can’t switch rapidly between asset classes and they’re typically true to one asset class, such as equity in case of balanced funds and they invest less in other asset classes. Dynamic funds aim to switch aggressively between equity and debt and are more opportunistic. In dynamic funds you can buy on dips and sell when the markets are at high levels. These asset allocation funds act as a shield against market downswings and they typically lose less money when the markets are down.

These funds aims to normally invest in equity but can react quickly to a negative market by moving 100 per cent of its assets into money market instruments, fixed income securities and derivatives with an aim to limit the downside risk, in the event that the fund manager is bearish on the market.

Dynamic funds often have another interesting characteristic. The balance between debt and equity is decided not by the fund manager, but by a formula. To be sure, this is not passive investing (as in an index fund), because the recipe for asset allocation is itself a result of research by the fund house, but there is an element of automation involved. Most funds in the space decide their asset allocation based on a clear formula.

For instance, some funds make equity allotments based on the nifty’s PE while some funds follow the PBV ratio. The goal is always to use indicators like P/E ratio and others to define a time when the markets are ready to fall and to reduce equity allocation at that time and to increase it when the market has fallen enough. Either way, this type of fund brings an interesting element into equity fund investing.

Know more About P/E Ratio and its Significance

Normal equity funds are always supposed to be invested in equities. Conceptually, their job is to do better than the equity market, their job is not to make gains but to do better than their benchmark, even if that means falling less than the markets when the markets are falling.

Dynamic funds, on the other hand, implicitly make the promise of being absolute return funds. They define their job as making gains with their equity investments just like non-dynamic equity funds, but additionally as also getting out of equities when the markets are not going to do well.

Typically, dynamic funds underperform as compared to pure equity funds in continuously rising equity markets because these funds sell equities and get into cash as equity markets go up. But when the markets going down or when there are many fluctuations in the market these funds will often perform better than the normal funds.

A well-managed dynamic fund can absolve you of the headache of timing the markets and investors can earn good returns if they remain with these funds for long term. You could consider such a fund for stability in your investments in a volatile climate. However, remember that aggressive rebalancing may not always work in the fund’s favor. It is also not advisable to go by the short-term performance of these funds alone. They can provide good results if they are held for a reasonable time, at least three to five years. These funds are able to make the most of the market ups and downs given adequate room to work.

Note : Mutual fund investments are subject to market risks read all scheme related documents carefully.

Past Performance is Not A Guarantee Of Future Returns.

DISCLAIMER

No financial information whatsoever published anywhere here should be construed as an offer to buy or sell securities, or as advice to do so in any way whatsoever. All matter published here is purely for educational and information purposes only and under no circumstances should be used for making investment decisions. Readers must consult a qualified financial advisor prior to making any actual investment decisions, based on information published here.

Know the Portions of Your Rs.100 Bank Deposit.

In all the noise about rising bad loans, a deposit deluge in the aftermath of demonetization and the collapse of credit growth, it’s time to take stock of where public funds are lying right now in the economy.

In a report from the Reserve Bank of India, the credit-deposit ratio as of the month of May was 72%, which means that out of Rs.100 deposited in the bank, Rs.72 used for lending and the rest Rs.28 was used to buy government bonds. In the same time of the previous year, banks have used Rs.76 out of Rs.100 deposit for lending and had left the rest Rs.24 in bonds. This is as per the stock of deposits on the 30th of the month.

1001Source : Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy

Taking a look at the additional credit-deposit ratio, which shows what portion of the new flow of deposits, is getting placed in the credit. And this reflects the slump in credit growth in 2016-17.

By the time of March-end the additional credit-deposit ratio was 42%, this shows that more than half of the deposits that came in were placed in government bonds. These are low-yielding and very safe assets. This could be easily understood by the fact that the deposit stream following the demonetization of Rs.500 and Rs.1000 currency bills left a little choice to the banks to buy nothing but the government bonds as the loan demand is very less. Moreover, during the demonetization period, this was even lesser in the month of November, it was 1% only which aroused to nearly 13% in the month of December.

Trouble in India’s Credit System of banks having foremost NPAs

Now, if we talk about the month of May where the credit-deposit ratio was 72%, the large amount of share is still placed with industry through the loans accompanied by credit to services as well as individuals.

Share/Portion of Rs.100 Deposited

Out of every Rs.72 lent, nearly Rs.17 only went to personal loans and services each, and approximately Rs.28 or 29 went to build or run the factories. A share of Rs.10 went to agriculture. The share of personal loans has aroused in one year to approximately 25% of total non-food credit from 21%. On the other side, the industry has dropped to 38% from 41% while farming maintained its portion of nearly 14%. Basically, only Rs.25 of every Rs.100 deposited in a bank comes back to the people in the form of loans like home loans, car loans and other credits.

It is known that the banks are burdened with a big heap of bad loans. Approximately Rs.14 of every Rs.72 lent is now classified as stressed portion, which means it neither originate any income for the banks or due to the late payments by the borrowers to lenders.