10 things I have learned about investing

Following these simple yet indispensable investment insights can save you a lot of regret and sleepless nights.

You don’t make money by watching TV:

There are many business-news channels now which claim that they help you make money. Ever wondered why they never advertise the track record of the recommendations they make? Or why they only seem to talk about the winning recommendations and not the losing ones? Or why they seem to talk about ‘global cues’ driving the stock market all the time?

Most of the business news TV is best for understanding things in retrospect. In fact, when the business TV wallahs don’t have a reason for what is driving the stock market, they say, ‘global cues’. Also, the short-term orientation of TV channels will essentially make your broker, and not you, rich.

You don’t make money by reading newspapers either:

All the business newspapers these days have a strong personal-finance as well as a stock-market section. But a lot of the analysis on offer is full of hindsight bias, i.e., they come up with nice explanations of things after they have already happened. Further, newspaper reporters can get analysts to say things that fit in with the headline that has already been thought of. Analysts are more than happy saying these things in order to see their name in the newspapers. And it is worth remembering that newspapers have space to fill. So they will write stuff even if the situation doesn’t demand it.

Kirang Gandhi

SIPs work best over the long term:

If you were to ask a typical fund manager about how long one should stay invested in an SIP, the answer usually is three to five years. Honestly, I think that is too low a number. I started my first SIP in December 2005. And more than ten years later, I am actually seeing the benefit of having invested for so long. Also, it is worth remembering that SIPs over the long term are about a regular investing habit which gives reasonable returns than the possibility of fabulous returns that one might earn by choosing the right stock. This is an important distinction that needs to be made.

EMI VS SIP ( Be controlled or take control )

Don’t chase fund managers:

I did this during the 2007-2008 period and lost a lot of money doing it. I think it’s best to stick to investing in good large and mid-cap funds which have had a good track record over a long period of time, instead of chasing the hottest fund managers on the block. The funds with the best returns in the short term (one to three years) keep changing, and there is no way you can predict the next big thing on the block; the point being, investing should be boring. If it is giving you an adrenaline rush, you are not doing the right things.

Endowment policies are not investment policies:

Endowment policies sold by insurance companies are a very popular form of investing as well as saving tax. One reason for this is because they are deemed to be safe. But have you ever asked how much return these policies actually give? If I can be slightly technical here, what is the internal rate of return of an average endowment policy in which an individual invests for a period of 20 years? You will be surprised to know that such data are not available. But from what I understand about these things, endowment policies give a lower rate of return than inflation. So why bother? Endowment policies are essentially a cheap way for the government to raise money, given that most of these policies end up investing the money raised in government bonds. That is all there is to it. If you want to finance the government, please do so, but there are better ways of earning a return on your investment.

LIC Jeevan Labh Plan : Reviews/Features/Return Sheet

What are ULIPs? I am still trying to understand:

ULIPs are unit-linked investment plans, essentially investment plans which come with some insurance. The trouble is if they are investment plans, why are there no past returns of these policies available anywhere? But what are ULIPs? I have put this question to many people, but I am yet to receive an answer. What is the best-performing ULIP over the last five years? No one has been able to give me that answer. This is not surprising, given how complicated the structure of an average ULIP is. Hence, if you want to invest indirectly in equity, it is best to stick to mutual funds.

Sensex/Nifty forecasts are largely bogus:

Towards the end of every year or even around Diwali, all broking houses come up with their Sensex/Nifty forecasts for the next year. Usually, these are positive and expect the index to go up. At the same time, they are largely wrong. You can Google and check. Hence, treat them as entertainment but don’t take them seriously. Stock brokerages bring out such forecasts because it is an easy way to get some presence in the media. Both TV and newspapers, for some reason I don’t understand, are suckers for Sensex as well as Nifty forecasts.

Don’t buy a home unless you want to live in it or have black money:

Much is made about excellent returns from property. The trouble is there are no reliable numbers going around. It’s only people talking from experience. But when people calculate property returns, they do not take a lot of expenses into account. Also, when people talk about property returns they talk about big numbers: ‘I bought this for `20 lakh but sold it for a crore.’ This feels like a huge return, but it doesn’t exactly take into account the time factor as well as loads of expenses and other headaches that come with owning property. Further, these days there are other risks like the builder disappearing or not giving possession for a very long time. This leads to a situation where individuals end up paying both EMI as well as rent. Also, property returns have been negative in many parts of the country over the last few years. And given the current price levels, I don’t think buying a home is the best way to invest currently.

Real estate rental yield is below one percent

Gurus are good fun:

In my earlier avatar as a journalist, one widely followed stock-market guru told a closed gathering of investors that Sensex would touch 50,000 level in six to seven years. He said it very confidently. Confident stock-market gurus make for good newspaper copy. I wrote about it and the story was splashed on the front page of the newspaper I worked for. It was October 2007. Nearly nine years later, the Sensex is at half of the predicted level. The point is that gurus might be good. They might have the ability to predict things in advance. But then, why would they give their insight to the media, and in the process, you, dear reader, for free? Remember this, next time you see a guru making a prediction.

Low interest rates on loans also mean low interest rates on your fixed deposits:

This is something that many people don’t seem to understand. People want low interest rates on their loans, but they are not happy with low-interest rates on their deposits. Banks fund loans by raising fixed deposits. They can’t cut interest rates on their loans unless they cut interest rates on their deposits. It’s as simple as that. Nevertheless, I wonder why people can’t seem to understand this basic point.


By Vivek Kaul

ICICI Sec. IPO Review and the list of anchor investors

ICICI Sec. is a leading technology-based securities firm in India that offers a wide range of financial services including brokerage, financial product distribution and investment banking and focuses on both retail and institutional clients. It has been the largest equity broker in India since fiscal 2014 by brokerage revenue and active customers in equities on the National Stock Exchange, powered by its significant retail brokerage business, which accounted for 90.5% of the revenue from its brokerage business (excluding income earned on our funds used in the brokerage business) in fiscal 2017.

ICICI Securities Raises Rs 1,718 Crore From Anchor Investors.

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Its retail brokerage and distribution businesses are supported by its nationwide network, consisting of over 200 of its own branches, over 2,600 branches of ICICI Bank through which its electronic brokerage platform is marketed and over 4,600 sub-brokers, authorized persons, independent financial associates and independent associates as at September 30, 2017.

ICICI Sec. is empanelled with a large cross-section of institutional clients.

IPO Dates & Price Band:

  • IPO Open: 22-March-2018
  • IPO Close: 26-March-2018
  • IPO Size: Approx Rs.4017 Crore (Approx)
  • Face Value: Rs.5 Per Equity Share
  • Price Band: Rs.519 to 520 Per Share
  • Listing on: BSE & NSE
  • Retail Portion: 10%
  • Equity: 77,249,508 Shares

Market Lot:

  • Shares: Apply for 28 Shares (Minimum Lot Size)
  • Amount: Rs.14,560

Allotment & Listing:

  • Basis of Allotment: 2-April-2018
  • Refunds: 3-April-2018
  • Credit to demat accounts: 4-April-2018
  • Listing: 5-April-2018

The promoters:

ICICI Bank Ltd.

Lead Managers:

DSP Merrill Lynch Limited

Citigroup Global Markets India Private Limited

CLSA India Private Limited

Edelweiss Financial Services Limited

IIFL Holdings Limited

SBI Capital Markets Limited

Object of the issue:

The objects of the Offer for the Company are to achieve the benefit of listing the Equity Shares on the Stock Exchanges and for the sale of Equity Shares by the Promoter Selling Shareholder. Further, the Company expects that the listing of Equity Shares will enhance its visibility and brand image and provide liquidity to its existing shareholders.


Our Strengths

Largest Equity Broker in India Powered by Our Proprietary Technology Platform.

Natural Beneficiary of Fundamental Transformation in the Indian Savings Environment.

Strong and Growing Distribution Business with an “OpenSource” Distribution Model.

Superior Customer Experience through Product and Technology Innovation.

Strategic Component of the ICICI Ecosystem.

Strong Financial Performance with Significant Operating Efficiency.

Experienced Senior Management Team.

i8Our Strategies

Strengthen its Leadership Position in the Brokerage Business.

Continue Investing in Technology and Innovation.

Strategically Expand its Financial Product Distribution Business Through Cross-Selling.

Leverage its Leadership in Equity Capital Markets to Strengthen its Financial Advisory Businesses.

Diversify its Revenue Streams and Continue Reducing Revenue Volatility.

Future Supply Chain Solutions Ltd IPO Review


Some of its Directors, its Promoter and certain Group Companies are involved in certain legal and other proceedings.


General economic and market conditions in India and globally could have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition, cash flows, results of operations and prospects.

ICICI Sec. rely heavily on its relationship with ICICI Bank for many aspects of its business, and its dependence on ICICI Bank leaves us vulnerable to changes in its relationship.

The operation of its businesses is highly dependent on information technology, and ICICI Sec. are subject to risks arising from any failure of, or inadequacies in, its IT systems.

ICICI Sec. rely on its brokerage business for a substantial share of its revenue and profitability. Any reduction in its brokerage fees could have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition, cash flows, results of operations and prospects.

ICICI Sec. is subject to extensive statutory and regulatory requirements and supervision, which have a material influence on, and consequences for, its business operations.

ICICI Sec. may fail to detect money laundering and other illegal or improper activities in its business operations on a timely basis.

There are operational risks associated with the financial services industry which, if realised, may have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition, cash flows, results of operations and prospects.

ICICI Sec. faces intense competition in its businesses, which may limit its growth and prospects.

ICICI Sec. may not be able to sustain its growth or expand its customer base.

ICICI Sec. faces certain other risks related to its distribution business, which accounts for a significant portion of its revenue and profitability.

ICICI Sec. face various risks due to its reliance on third-party intermediaries, contractors and service providers.

ICICI Sec. face various risks in relation to its investment banking business.

ICICI Sec. may incur losses on its treasury and trading business from market volatility or its investment strategies.

Its Promoter, ICICI Bank, and some of its Directors and related entities may be subject to conflicts of interest because they compete against us and have interests in companies which are in the same line of business as us.

Credit risks in our day-to-day operations, including in its investment portfolio, may expose us to significant losses.

ICICI Sec. have experienced negative cash flows in the prior years.

Cash Flow


Its profit after tax was INR 717.5 million, INR 891.9 million, INR 2,938.7 million, INR 2,387.2 million, INR 3,385.9 million and INR 2,460.5 million in fiscals 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 and the six months ended September 30, 2017, respectively, and its return on equity has exceeded 30.0% for each measured period since fiscal 2013. For fiscal 2017, our return on equity was 69.2%.

Comparison of Listed Peers


Annualised EPS works out to Rs 10.48 for the year ended March 2017. At the upper end of the price band, shares will trade at 49.6 times its earnings.

High valuations despite less capital intensive business.

Grey market premium

Current GMP is Rs.6/-, and  Kostak is Rs.300/- (sellers)



No financial information whatsoever published anywhere here should be construed as an offer to buy or sell securities, or as advice to do so in any way whatsoever. All matter published here is purely for educational and information purposes only and under no circumstances should be used for making investment decisions. Readers must consult a qualified financial advisor before making any actual investment decisions, based on information published here

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited IPO Review and Current GMP

Hindustan Aeronautic is engaged in manufacturing, development, design, repair and servicing of products like helicopters, aero-engines, aero space structures, aircraft and many more. Hindustan Aeronautic India has the unique products portfolio and the operations have names like Bangalore Complex, MiG Complex, Helicopter Complex, Accessories Complex, and Design Complex and they have over 11 production division with 11 R&D centers in India.

Their major domestic customers are Indian Air Force, Indian Army, Indian Navy, Indian Coast Guard, Indian Space Research Organisation, Defence Research & Development Organisation, Ordnance Factory Board, ,Border Security Force, Oil & Natural Gas Cooperation of India, Govt. of Karnataka, Govt. of Jharkhand, Govt. of Maharashtra, Geological Survey of India, Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. They export their products in France, USA, Mauritius, Israel, Ecuador, Namibia, Nepal, Russia, UK, Oman, Malaysia, Thailand, Germany and Vietnam. The company received “Excellent” rating from Government of India from 2002 to 2016.

Hindustan Aeronautics is ‘Navratna’ company since June 2007 and the largest DPSU in India. It is the 39th largest aerospace company in the world in terms of revenue. The company was also awarded Raksha Mantri’s Award for excellence in performance under institutional category in FY 2008, FY 2010, FY 2011, FY 2013 and FY 2016.


IPO Dates & Price Band:

  • IPO Open: 16-March-2018
  • IPO Close: 20-March-2018
  • IPO Size: Approx Rs. 4482 Crore (Approx)
  • Face Value: Rs.10 Per Equity Share
  • Price Band: Rs.1214 to 1240 Per Share
  • Listing on: BSE & NSE
  • Retail Portion: 35%
  • Equity: 34,107,525 Shares
  • Discount:  Rs.25 for Retail & Employee

Market Lot:

  • Shares: Apply for 12 Shares (Minimum Lot Size)
  • Amount: Rs.14,580 (For Retail & Employee)
  • Amount: Rs.14,880 (For QIB & HNI)

IPO Allotment & Listing:

  • Basis of Allotment: 26-March-2018
  • Refunds: 27-March-2018
  • Credit to demat accounts: 27-March-2018
  • Listing: 28-March-2018

The promoters:

The President of India

Acting through the Department of Defence Production Ministry of Defence.

 Lead Managers:

SBI Capital Markets Ltd
Axis Capital Ltd

Registrar to the IPO:

Karvy Computershare Pvt Ltd.

387_Para_alh civil 3


Outlook of the Indian Aerospace and Defence Sector

India has the third largest military in the world and is the sixth largest spender in Defence. India is also one of the largest importers of conventional defence equipment and spends approximately 30% of its total defence budget on capital acquisitions. 60% of Indian’s defence – related requirements are currently met through imports.

In addition, the ‘ Make in India ’initiative by the Government is focusing its efforts on increasing indigenous defence manufacturing with the aim of becoming self – reliant.

The opening up of the defence sector for private sector participation is helping foreign OEMs to enter into strategic partnerships with Indian companies and leverage opportunities in the domestic market as well as global markets.

India’s focus on indigenous manufacturing in the defence sector has yielded certain benefits as the MoD over the last two years unveiled several products manufactured in India including the LCA Tejas, the composites sonar dome, a portable elemedicine system for the armed forces, penetration – cum – blast and thermobaric ammunition specifically designed for the Arjun tanks, the Varunastra heavyweight torpedo manufactured with 95% locally sourced parts and medium-range surface-to-air missiles. The Defence Acquisition Council under the MoD cleared defence sector transactions with a value of more than 820 billion under the buy and Make (Indian) and Buy Indian categories. These transactions include the procurement of Light Combat Aircraft, T-90 tanks, mini UAVs and light combat helicopters.

121Our Strengths

India has the third largest military in the world and is the 6th largest spender in the defence sector.

60% of total defence requirements of India as on today is met from imports. Hindustan Aeronautics is poised to gain under the ‘Buy and Make (Indian)’ procurement category. The company has all the necessary capabilities and technology (including licensed technology) to capture maximum relevant defence budget spend going ahead.

Long credible history of research, design and development, manufacturing and maintenance, repair and overhaul (“MRO”) services.

Setting up a goal: First step to Financial Planning ( Video )

Established track record in offering product lifecycle support extending to periods beyond four decades.

Indian armed forces plan to procure more than 1000 rotary wing aircrafts and will revamp their fleet in next 10-20 years.

Strong design and development capabilities.

Leadership position in the Indian aeronautical industry and strong GoI support.

Diversified product portfolio.

Strong financial track record.

Experienced management team and operating team.


Our Strategies

Expand its operations through partnerships or collaboration.

Diversify through expansion in new growth areas.

Diversify further into the civil aircraft segment for both manufacturing and servicing opportunities.

Develop in-house capabilities to design and develop specialized products including aero – engines.

Leverage Existing Cost Advantage.

Developing Human Capital.

Enhancing customer satisfaction.

Optimising operations towards becoming a lead integrator of aircraft platforms.



There are outstanding legal and tax proceedings involving its Company. Any adverse decision in such proceedings may expose us to liabilities or penalties and may adversely affect its business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

Hindustan Aeronautics depend heavily on MoD contracts. A decline or reprioritisation of funding in the Indian defence budget, that of customers including the Indian Army, Indian Air Force and Indian Navy (the “Indian Defence Services”), Indian Coast Guard, Border Security Force, Central Reserve Police Force and Paramilitary forces or delays in the budget process could adversely affect its ability to grow or maintain its sales, earnings, and cash flow.

As a result of national securities concerns,certain information in relation to its business and operations is classified as ‘secret and confidential’ pursuant to which we have not disclosed such information in this RHP nor provided such information to the BRLMs and other intermediaries and advisors involved in the Offer.

The MoD contracts are not always fully funded at inception and are subject to termination. Its inability to fund such contracts at the time of inception or any termination could have a material adverse effect on its financial condition and results of operations.

Its Company is not in compliance with certain provisions of the Companies Act and/or SEBI Listing Regulations in relation to terms of reference of the Audit Committee and the Nomination and Remuneration Committee.

Ongoing disclosure of information in relation to its Company after the listing of the Equity Shares on the Stock Exchanges may be limited and may not be in compliance with the SEBI Listing Regulations and other applicable laws.

The GoI has significant influence over its actions which may restrict its ability to manage its business. Any change in GoI policy could have a material adverse effect on its financial condition and results of operations.

EMI VS SIP ( Be controlled or take control )

Its current order book may not necessarily translate into future income in its entirety. Some of its current orders or requests for a proposal which we have received may be modified, cancelled, delayed, put on hold or not fully paid for by its customers, which could adversely affect its results of operations.

Hindustan Aeronautics is involved in a dispute with the Ministry of Defence of Ecuador relating to their termination of an agreement with us relating to the supply of helicopters to the Ecuadorean Air Force. Its revenue and exports may be adversely affected as a result.

Hindustan Aeronautics also operate in evolving markets, which makes it difficult to evaluate its business and future prospects.

Its earnings and margins may vary based on the mix of its contracts and programs, its performance, and its ability to control costs.

Its business could be materially adversely affected if any default of its causes an aircraft or helicopter accident.

ALH Dhruv Helicopters supplied to the Ecuadorean Air Force were involved in accidents, and The Ecuadorean Ministry of Defence has designated the company as a defaulting contractor and has barred it from bidding for future contracts. This can affect the future exports and company’s ability to bid outside India.

The aircraft such as MiG-21 variants, MiG-27 and the Su-30 MKI, as well as engines and other accessories, and repair and overhaul services for these aircraft that are manufactured in India are done through transfer of technology from Russian OEMs as well as pursuant to inter-governmental agreements with Russia. The United States, the United Nations Security Council and other jurisdictions and organizations have implemented comprehensive economic sanctions targeting Russia in recent years. This can have an adverse impact relating to the supply and support from Russian OEMs for the aircraft that Hindustan Aeronautic manufacture under transfer of technology with such OEMs.


On the performance front, Hindustan Aeronautic has (on a consolidated basis) posted turnover/net profits of Rs. 17362.00 cr. / Rs. 994.10 cr. (FY15), Rs. 18754.80 cr. / Rs. 2004.30 cr. (FY16) and Rs. 19596.90 cr. / RS. 2624.70 cr. (FY17). For the first half of the current fiscal, it has earned a net profit of Rs. 391 cr. on a turnover of Rs. 5665.90 cr.

For last three fiscals, it has posted an average EPS of Rs. 54 and an average RoNW of 17.67%. Hindustan Aeronautic’s last three fiscal’s EPS stands at Rs. 73 (FY17), Rs. 42 (FY16) and Rs. 21 (FY15). PAT margins for these fiscals were 14%, 12%, and 6% respectively. It has posted CAGR of 9% for revenues, 62% CAGR in PAT for last three fiscals. The issue is priced at a P/BV of 3.46 on the basis of its NAV of Rs. 358 as on 30.09.17.

It has no listed peers to compare with. Hindustan Aeronautic’s sale to Indian Defense Services accounts for nearly 92% (on an average) of its revenues. According to management, first-half results cannot be annualized to compare as it always does better in the second half due to billings only on delivery of products. However, if we annualize latest earnings and attribute it on its paid-up equity then asking price is at a P/E of 53, but if we consider FY 17earnings, then P/E comes to 17.

Grey Market premium

Current GMP is Rs. 4/- and Kostak is Rs. NIL


Only LIC policyholders money can save this IPO.



No financial information whatsoever published anywhere here should be construed as an offer to buy or sell securities, or as advice to do so in any way whatsoever. All matter published here is purely for educational and information purposes only and under no circumstances should be used for making investment decisions. Readers must consult a qualified financial advisor before making any actual investment decisions, based on information published here


Bandhan Bank IPO Review and the list of anchor investors

Bandhan Bank (BB) is a commercial bank focused on serving underbanked and underpenetrated markets in India. It has a banking license that permits it to provide banking services pan-India across customer segments. BB currently offers a variety of asset and liability products and services designed for micro banking and general banking, as well as other banking products and services to generate non-interest income.

Its strength lies in microfinance, including a network of 2,022 doorstep service centers (“DSCs”) and 6.77 million micro loan customers that BFSL transferred to it, which it has grown to 2,546 DSCs and over 9.47 million microloan customers as of September 30, 2017.With the network of 2,546 doorstep service centers (DSCs) and 9.47 million microloan customers, the bank has strong very hold in microfinance. Bandhan bank has 864 bank branches and 386 ATMs serving over 1.87 million general banking customers. Banks distribution network is strong in East and Northeast India, with West Bengal, Assam and Bihar.

Bandhan Bank Raises Rs 1,342 Crore From Anchor Investors.

List of Anchor Investors

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IPO Dates & Price Band:

  • IPO Open: 15-March-2018
  • IPO Close: 19-March-2018
  • IPO Size: Approx Rs. 4470 Crore (Approx)
  • Face Value: Rs. 10 Per Equity Share
  • Price Band: Rs.370 to 375 Per Share
  • Listing on: BSE & NSE
  • Retail Portion: 35%
  • Equity: 119,280,494 Shares

Market Lot:

  • Shares: Apply for 40 Shares (Minimum Lot Size)
  • Amount: Rs.15,000

Allotment & Listing:

  • Basis of Allotment: 22-March-2018
  • Refunds: 23-March-2018
  • Credit to demat accounts: 26-March-2018
  • Listing: 27-March-2018

The promoters:

Bandhan Financial Holdings Limited,
Bandhan Financial Services Limited,
Financial Inclusion Trust And North east Financial Inclusion Trust.

Lead Managers:

Kotak Mahindra Capital
Company Limited
Axis Capital Limited
Goldman Sachs (India)
Securities Private Limited
JM Financial Institutional Securities Limited
P. Morgan India Private Limited


Karvy Computershare Private Limited


Main objects of the issue are:

In terms of the RBI New Bank Licensing Guidelines, the Equity Shares of Bank are required to get listed on the stock exchanges within three years from the date of commencement of business of its Bank, i.e., on or before August 22, 2018. In light of the above, since the Bank is required to get listed on the stock exchanges on or before August 22, 2018, the Bank is undertaking this Issue.  The objects of the Fresh Issue are to augment the Bank’s Tier-I capital base to meet the Bank’s future capital requirements.




Maintain focus on micro lending while expanding further into other retail and SME lending.

Continue to strengthen its liability franchise.

Boost share of non-interest income.

Enhance its digital platform to improve customer acquisition and retention and reduce costs.

Enhance retail banking systems and procedures to improve efficiency.


Operating Model Focused on Serving Underbanked and Underpenetrated Markets.

Consistent Track Record of Growing a Quality Asset and Liability Franchise.

Extensive, Low-Cost Distribution Network.

Customer-Centric Approach.

Consistent Financial Performance and Robust Capital Base.

An experienced and professional team, backed by strong independent board.


Focus on the underpenetrated region and new products to ensure loan book growth of more than 23 percent over FY18-20.

The net interest margins (NIMs) of the bank was strong at 9.86%, return on equity (RoE) of 25.55% and return on assets (ROA) of 4.07% (each on an annualized basis) in the nine months ended December 2017 compared with 10.34%, 27.88% and 4.39% in the nine months ended December 2016. The bank has maintained good asset quality amidst challenging macro environment. The gross NPAs stood at 1.67% and the net NPA at 0.80% at end December 2017.

The bank has grown quality asset base over the various phase of development. Its gross loan book has grown from and Rs 7768.79 crore as on 23 August 2015 to Rs 15578.44 crore end March 2016 to Rs 24364.39 crore end December 2017, while customers have increased from 6.77 million to 11.99 million. Deposits base have jumped to Rs 25293.96 crore with CASA ratio of 33.2% and retail deposits ratio of 85.1% end December 2017. The growth in low-cost liability business has led to a reduction in the cost of funding, allowing the bank to lower the lending interest rates while maintaining profitable spreads and further grow the portfolio and capture market share.

The bank’s distribution network is relatively low cost, which in particular is a result of “hub and spoke” model of using DSCs and associated bank branches, as well as focus on tech initiatives. This low-cost model is demonstrated by operating cost-to-income ratio was 35.38% for the nine months ended December 2017 and 36.31% for FY2017.

Overall earnings profile looks comfortable, with premium valuations expected to remain.

The issue seems richly priced, but the bank has a unique business model.



Limited operating history and its fast-growing and rapidly evolving business make it difficult to evaluate its business and future operating results on the basis of its past performance, and its future results may not meet or exceed its past performance.

BB cannot effectively compare its financial statements for Fiscal Years 2015, 2016 and 2017 due to irregular terms of duration.

If BB is unable to manage the growth associated with the expansion of its branches, ATMs, and DSCs effectively, its financial, accounting, administrative and technology infrastructure, as well as its business and reputation could be adversely affected.

A substantial portion of its operations is located in East and Northeast India, making us vulnerable to risks associated with having geographically concentrated operations.

Business comprises both traditional general banking activities and modern micro banking activities that expose its business overall to the risks faced by each sector, which may negatively impact its performance.

BB derive a substantial portion of its interest income from advances that are due within one year, and a significant reduction in these short-term advances may result in a corresponding decrease in its interest income.

New India Assurance IPO Review and Current GMP

Microcredit lending has its own unique risks and, as a result, BB may experience increased levels of non-performing loans and related provisions and write-offs that negatively impact its results of operations.

BB rely primarily on deposits as a low-cost means of funding its loan portfolio and there is no guarantee that we will be able to source sufficient deposits or alternative funding to support its business.

An increase in its portfolio of non-performing assets may materially and adversely affect its business and results of operations.

BB may face risks associated with its large number of branches and widespread network of operations which may adversely affect its business, financial condition and results of operations.

Its business and financial results could be impacted materially by adverse results of legal proceedings.

BB does not own the premises at which its Registered and Corporate Office, branches, ATMs, DSCs and other office premises are located.

Comparison with PEERS


Bandhan Bank’s EPS for 9M of FY2018 on post-issue equity works out to Rs 10.7. At the price band of Rs 370 to Rs 375, P/E works out to 34.6 to 35.0 times.

Post-issue book value of Bandhan Bank works out to Rs 75.6 at the issue price of 370 and Rs 76.0 at the issue price of Rs 375. P/BV works out to 4.9X and P/Adj BV is at 5.0X at the upper price band.

Among the comparable banks, RBL Bank is trading at P/BV (on 9M FY2018 BV) of 3.0X, AU Small Finance Bank is trading at P/BV of 8.4X, Yes Bank is trading at P/BV of 2.8X, IndusInd Bank is trading at P/BV of 4.4X.

Among the comparable NBFCs and leading microfinance lenders, Equitas Holding is trading at P/BV of 2.8X, Ujjivan Financial Services is trading at P/BV of 2.4X and Bharat Financial Inclusion is trading at P/BV of 5.6X.

Grey Market premium

Current GMP is Rs. 26 /- and Kostak is Rs. 800/-



No financial information whatsoever published anywhere here should be construed as an offer to buy or sell securities, or as advice to do so in any way whatsoever. All matter published here is purely for educational and information purposes only and under no circumstances should be used for making investment decisions. Readers must consult a qualified financial advisor before making any actual investment decisions, based on information published here.

Top 5 sectors to invest after budget allocation

There are all efforts in Union Budget 2018 to appease rural and EWS population but at the same time Government tried to maintain the fiscal discipline by keeping fiscal deficit target at 3.5% and 3.2% for FY18E and FY19E, respectively.

Although deficit targets are higher as compared to previous estimates but considering surge in prices of crude oil, these are respectable numbers.

Higher than estimated expenses and lower than expected revenue on account of lower GST collection and no spectrum auctions lead to miss on fiscal deficit targets.

Budget speech has talked about total expenses from all agencies at Rs.14 lac crore towards aiding rural economy/farmers’ income.

Here are the top 5 sectors to invest after budget allocation

Rural Spending:

This will have a far-reaching impact on growth rates of country and reduction of income gaps in society. Companies and sectors deriving the majority of revenues from the rural economy like 2 wheelers, FMCG Companies, fertilizer companies will benefit from the push to rural spending. Positive for HUL, Hero Motocorp, ITC, Godrej Agrovet to benefit from the move.



Budget 2018 continued to put a strong focus on infrastructure development, which is in line with the expectations. FM has allocated extra-budgetary support of Rs. 5.97 lakh crore v/s Rs. 3.96 lakh crore in the last budget for the infrastructure sector, which is encouraging as India needs a significant amount of investment in infrastructure due to growing needs.

Higher allocation in infrastructure segment will essentially expedite infrastructure development in the country, which in turn will aid many industries, i.e. metals, cement, building materials, etc.

How to choose the best mutual fund for your portfolio

Construction companies like KNR Construction, J Kumar, NCC to play infrastructure theme from the budget. Positive for cement companies like JK Cement and Sagar Cement to benefit from push to infra.


Union budget has also proposed coverage of Rs. 5 Lac per household to total 10 Cr households for hospitalization. The move will benefit hospital chains like Apollo Hospitals and Narayana Hrudyalay.

It will also have a positive impact on companies like Thyrocare and Dr. Lal Path Labs. Insurance companies will also benefit because of insurance premium received towards coverage of families.

Affordable Housing:

Among other major initiatives budget has proposed the creation of affordable housing fund under NHB. This will benefit all affordable housing players like Mahindra Lifespace, Ashiana Housing, etc.

It will also have a positive impact on affordable housing financiers like Gruh Finance, DHFL, and Can Fin Homes.


Within tax proposals, the budget has proposed to increase customs duty on imported Truck and Bus Radials from 10-15 percent, which will benefit companies like Apollo Tyres and JK Tyres who have significant exposure towards truck tyres.


Disclaimer: No financial information whatsoever published anywhere here should be construed as an offer to buy or sell securities, or as advice to do so in any way whatsoever. All matter published here is purely for educational and information purposes only and under no circumstances should be used for making investment decisions. Readers must consult a qualified financial advisor before making any actual investment decisions, based on information published here.

IPOs with the Route of NFO: A unique theme

Edelweiss Mutual Fund coming with New Fund Offer name EDELWEISS MAIDEN OPPORTUNITIES FUND-SERIES 1.

It is Close Ended Equity Scheme Investing Across large,mid and small cap stocks in Recently 2-3 years listed IPO’s and Upcoming IPO’s.

Since IPO-Initial Public Offering Activity has picked up in recent years with over Rs.1,00,000 cr being raised in last 2 years. Robust IPO activity has created multiple maiden investment opportunities.

This fund is first of its kind in the industry that intends to follow a disciplined approach while investing in recent and upcoming listings.The aim is to make investing in such maiden ideas accessible and simpler for retail investors.

Investing in India’s Prospective Opportunities(IPO) is the mantra of this NFO.

New Sectors Such as Insurance, Diagnostic, Staffing Solutions,stock exchange & Depository, Retail and Asset Management Company are being introduced offering unique Opportunities to play India’s growth story.

Three key aspects of IPO investing:

  1. Access – A dedicated fund Investing in recent IPOs to provide better access and thereby maximizing gains.
  2. Selection – Provides right selection of IPOs as not all IPOs are investment worthy.
  3. Post listing Gain – A structured approach to optimize post listing gains as many IPOs have generated healthy returns over next 12 to 18 months after listing.


  1. Stock Selection – Best 20-30 ideas from recently listed and upcoming IPOs.
  2. Style – Multi-cap and Sector agnostic approach
  3. Protection – Endeavors to protect downside through put options
  4. Profit Booking – Aims for systematic profit booking through dividend  payouts(subjected to availability)


Heightened IPO activity provides good investment opportunity.

  1. Select best recently listed and upcoming IPOs through a process driven approach.
  2. Access to large number of IPOs with Limited Money.
  3. Tradition Diversified Mutual Funds give limited exposes to IPOs.
  4. Endeavors to protect downside and declare dividends(subjected to availability).

IPO FINALFund Features

NFO Period: 2nd Feb 2018 to 16th Feb 2018

Maturity Date: 28th June 2021

MICR Cheque: Till end of business hours on 15th Feb 2018

Plans and Options:Regular Plan with Growth and Dividend Payout

Offer of units: Rs. 10/- each during the New Fund Offer Period

Minimum Application Amount-Rs. 5000/-(plus in multiple of rs. 10)

Liquidity: To be Listed on exchange

Fund Manager: Bhavesh Jain and Bharat Lahoti

Download the Fact sheet of Fund manger of Bhavesh Jain

Download (PDF, 93KB)

Download the Fact sheet of Fund manger of Bharat Lahoti

Download (PDF, 95KB)

Benchmark: Nifty 200 Index

The benchmark for the Scheme is NIFTY 200 Index. The performance of the Scheme would be bench marked with NIFTY 200 Index since it is in line with the investment objective and this reflects the primary universe of stocks from where the portfolio would be constructed by the fund managers.


Edelweiss Asset Management Limited


Karvy Computershare Private Limited.

The AMC / Trustee Company reserve the right to revise the load structure from time to time. Such changes will become effective prospectively from the date such changes are incorporated.

Since the fund having lock-in of 3.5 years. It provide fund manager time to perform him expertise.

Know more About P/E Ratio and its Significance

Risk factors:

Standard Risk factors

Investment in Mutual Fund Units involves investment risks such as trading volumes, settlement risk, liquidity risk, default risk including the possible loss of principal.

Mutual funds and securities investments are subject to market risks and there is no assurance or guarantee against loss in the Scheme or that the Scheme’s objective will be achieved.

The present Scheme is not a guaranteed or assured return Scheme.

Scheme Specific Risk factors:

Risk Factors Associated with Equity & Equity related instruments.

Risks Associated with Fixed Income and Money Market Instruments.

Interest rate risk, Spread risk, Credit risk or default risk, Liquidity Risk, Reinvestment risk,Performance Risk,Market risk,

Risk factors associated with investment in ADRs/GDRs and Foreign Securities.

Risk Factors Associated with Derivative.

Risk factor specifically while using Options (non arbitrage), Risks attached with the use of debt derivatives.

Risk Associated with Securitized Debt.

Risks Associated with Stock Lending & Short Selling.

Risks Associated with Trading of Units on Stock Exchange.

Risk associated with Close Ended Scheme.

Information about the scheme:

Investment objective:

The investment objective of the Scheme is to seek to provide capital appreciation by investing in equity and equity related securities of companies which are new in the sector, early in their growth stage and are poised to benefit from the India growth story in the long-term.

However, there is no assurance that the investment objective of the Scheme will be realized and the Scheme does not assure or guarantee any returns.

Asset allocation and investment pattern:

Under normal circumstances, the anticipated asset allocation under each Series of the Scheme, will be as follows:

Indicative Allocation

(% to net assets)

                       Risk Profile
Equity and Equity

related instruments including derivatives

65% to 100% Medium to High
Debt and

money market instruments

0% to 35% Low

The Scheme will not invest in credit default swaps.

Investment in Securitized Debt will be up to 50% of debt allocation.

Investment in ADRs/ GDRs/ Foreign Securities, whether issued by companies in India and foreign Securities, as permitted by SEBI Regulation, can be up to 35% of the Net Assets of the Scheme.

The Scheme may, if the Trustees permit, engage in short selling of securities in accordance with the framework relating to short selling and securities lending and borrowing specified by SEBI. The Scheme shall not deploy more than 20% of its net assets in stock lending and not more than 5% of the net assets of the Scheme will be deployed in Stock lending to any single counter party.

The Scheme may invest in derivatives up to 50% of the Net Assets of the Scheme.

The cumulative gross exposure through equity, debt and derivative positions should not exceed 100% of the net assets of the Scheme. The exposure to Derivatives mentioned as a percentage to the Net Assets means Gross Notional Exposure.

Cash or cash equivalents with residual maturity of less than 91 days will be treated as not creating any exposure.

Portfolio Re balancing.

Investment in CBLO before the closure of NFO.


Where will the scheme invest?

The corpus of the Plan under the Scheme shall be invested in any (but not exclusively) of the following securities:

1) Equity and Equity related instruments

  • Equity shares
  • Equity related instruments: convertible bonds, convertible debentures, equity warrants, convertible preference shares, etc.
  • Equity Derivatives
  • ADR, GDR, Foreign equity and Equity related instrument as may be permitted by SEBI/RBI from time to time.
  • Any other securities permitted by SEBI from time to time.

2) Debt securities:

Each Series under the Scheme will retain the flexibility to invest in the entire range of debt instruments and money market instruments. These instruments are more specifically highlighted below:

Debt instruments (in the form of non-convertible debentures, bonds, secured premium notes, zero interest bonds, deep discount bonds, floating rate bond / notes and any other domestic fixed income securities) include, but are not limited to:

1) Debt issuances of the Government of India, State and local Governments, Government Agencies and statutory bodies (which may or may not carry a state / central government guarantee),

2) Debt instruments that have been guaranteed by Government of India and State Governments,

3) Debt instruments issued by Corporate Entities (Public / Private sector undertakings),

4) Debt instruments issued by Public / Private sector banks and development financial institutions.

Rs. 4 Lakh In Reliance Banking Fund Turns Over Rs. 1 Crore In Less Than 15 Years

Money Market Instruments include:

1) Commercial papers, 2) Commercial bills, 3) Treasury bills, 4) Government,securities having an unexpired maturity upto one year, 5) Collaterlised Borrowing & Lending Obligation (CBLO), 6) Certificate of deposit,7) Usance bills, 8) Permitted securities under a repo / reverse repo agreement (other than Corporate Debt Securities), 9) Any other like instruments as may be permitted by RBI / SEBI from time to time.

Pending deployment within reasonable time period and towards the maturity of the Series:

The monies may be kept in cash and cash equivalents viz. overnight investment in CBLO, reverse repo, money market instruments, liquid and money market mutual fund schemes.

The AMC may park the funds of the Plan in short term deposits of scheduled commercial banks, subject to the guidelines issued by SEBI vide its circular dated April 16, 2007, as amended from time to time.

Investment in Securitised Debt.

The investments in Securitised debt papers including Pass through Certificates (PT/Cs) may be made upto 35% of the net assets of the Scheme. Securitization is a structured finance process, which involves pooling and repackaging of cash-flow producing financial assets into securities that are then sold to investors.

  • Auto Loans (cars / commercial vehicles /two wheelers)
  • Residential Mortgages or Housing Loans
  • Consumer Durable Loans
  • Corporate Loans

Personal Loans Pass Through Certificates

Investments in the Schemes of Mutual Fund

Setting up a goal: First step to Financial Planning ( Video )

Strategy and Approach:

The Scheme will be a diversified equity fund which will invest in equity and equity related securities of the companies that are new in the sector, early in their growth phase and are likely to benefit in the long term from the macro and demographic aspects of the Indian economy.

The Fund will invest in a diversified basket of equity stocks spanning the entire market capitalization spectrum and across multiple sectors with special focus on companies that are newly introduced in the market and are unique businesses The Fund would identify companies for investment, based on the following criteria amongst others:

  1. Track record of the company
  2. Potential for future growth
  3. Industry economic scenario & its outlook

The fund manager proposes to concentrate on business and economic fundamentals driven by in-depth research techniques and employing the potential of the research team at the AMC.

Key to the manager’s investment strategy is the identification of triggers for potential appreciation of stocks in the universe over the medium to long term time frame. As and when the fund manager is of the view that a specific investment has met its desired objective, the investment maybe liquidated.

The Scheme may also use various derivatives and hedging products from time to time, as would be available and permitted by SEBI, or in an attempt to limit the downside risk of the portfolio.

The Scheme may invest in other schemes managed by the AMC or in the schemes of any other Mutual Funds, provided it is in conformity with the investment objective of the Scheme and in terms of the prevailing Regulations. As per the Regulations, no investment management fees will be charged for such investments. As per the SEBI Regulations, such inter-scheme investments shall not exceed 5% of the Net Asset Value of the Fund.

Derivative & Arbitrage Strategies

Derivatives are financial contracts of pre-determined fixed duration, whose values are derived from the value of an underlying primary financial instrument, or index, such as: interest rates, exchange rates, and equities.

Cash Future Arbitrage.


Buy 100 shares of Company A at Rs 100 and sell the same quantity of stock’s future of the Company A at Rs 101.

  1. Market goes up and the stock end at Rs 200.

At the end of the month (expiry day) the future expires automatically:

Settlement price of future = closing spot price = Rs 200

Gain on stock is 100*(200-100) = Rs 10,000

Loss on future is 100*(101-200) = Rs – 9,900

Net gain is 10,000 – 9,900 = Rs 100

  1. Market goes down and the stock end at Rs 50.

At the end of the month (expiry day) the future expires automatically:

Settlement price of future = closing spot price = Rs 50

Loss on stock is 100*(50-100) = Rs – 5,000

Gain on future is 100*(101-50) = Rs 5,100

Net gain is 5,100 – 5,000 = Rs 100

Index Arbitrage.INDEX ARBPortfolio Protection/ Hedging.

Interest Rate Swaps (IRS) and Forward Rate Agreements (FRA).

Stock Lending.

Investment in debt/ money market instruments.

Investment in Mutual Fund Units.

Risk Control.

Portfolio Turnover


Mutual Fund Investment are Subjected to Market Risks,Read all Scheme Related Document Carefully.Return Expectation just assume may varies.

Disclaimer: No financial information whatsoever published anywhere here should be construed as an offer to buy or sell securities, or as advice to do so in any way whatsoever. All matter published here is purely for educational and information purposes only and under no circumstances should be used for making investment decisions. Readers must consult a qualified financial advisor before making any actual investment decisions, based on information published here.

Aditya birla banking and financial services fund : Review

Complete analysis of Aditya birla banking and financial services fund.

Investment Objective:

The primary investment objective of the scheme is to generate long term capital appreciation to unit holders from a portfolio that is invested predominantly in equity and equity related securities of companies engaged in banking and financial services.

The scheme does not guarantee/indicate any returns. There can be no assurance that the schemes objectives will be achieved.

Investments Strategy:

Fund proposes to adopt a disciplined flexible long term approach to investing with a focus of generating long term capital appreciation by investing in the Banking and Financial Services sector.

Banking and Financial Services includes, Banks, Broking Cos, Wealth Management Cos, Insurance Cos, NBFCs, Investment Banking Cos, Rating Agencies, Micro Finance Cos, Housing Finance Cos, etc.

Fund manager intends to broadly analyse macro situation as Banking sector is largely correlated with macro variables.

banking fund

Fund will follow the four steps in search of investment ideas.

1.Evaluating Business,Focus on Management,Valuations,Capital Efficiency will be on focus.

2.Fund will adopt an active management style to optimize returns.

3. Fund will follow a bottom up approach to identify bargain stocks with the flexibility to invest across the market capitalization.

4. Fund will do periodically review on the companies which is in portfolio.

EMI VS SIP ( Be controlled or take control )

Download the current Fact sheet

Download (PDF, 141KB)

Fund Management

Mr. Satyabrata Mohanty

Total Experience : 16 years

Mr. Satyabrata Mohanty is a CA, CFA. He has been part of Birla group since last 17 years. He has over 12 years of experience in Finance and Research. He has handled responsibilities across Fund Management (Equity & Debt), Trading and Credit Research functions. Prior to joining BSLAMC, he has worked with Aditya Birla Management Corporation Ltd & joined ABG as a management Trainee.

Mr. Dhaval Gala

Total Experience : 9 years

Mr. Dhaval Gala has an overall experience of around 9 years in financial markets. He has over 8 years of experience in doing investment research and analysis in Banking & Financial Services sector. He joined BSLAMC in February 2011, since then he has been a part of the research team. Prior to joining BSLAMC, he has worked with B&K Securities (January 2008 – February 2011) and J. P. Morgan Chase India Private Ltd (May 2005 – July 2006).

Some chart to Understand the performance

Performance Line Chart


Cumulative Performance (%) and Discrete Performance (%)


Static Scatter Chart


Rolling Bar Chart ( Excess return )

excess return

Regular withdrawal Chart


Amount Invested Lump sum Rs.1000000/-

Withdrawal Amount Rs. 10000/- ( Monthly )

Scheme Withdrawal Period No of Monthly Installments Total Withdrawal Amount Current Value Return (%)
Aditya Birla Sun Life Banking and Financial Services Fund  01-01-2014 to 24-01-2018 49 490,000 2,00,7891 30.04

Regular Saving Chart


Ratio Table ( Most Important )


Banking on New Opportunities:

Fortunes of the banking and financial services sector are typically linked with economic growth. There are numerous factors that work in favour of the banking and financial services sector.

Rs. 4 Lakh In Reliance Banking Fund Turns Over Rs. 1 Crore In Less Than 15 Years

Some of the key factors are:

Robust demand from middle class, rural penetration and technology-enabled services. According to a report by the National Council for Applied Economic Research’s (NCAER) Centre for Macro Consumer Research, by 2015-16, India will be a country of 53.3 million middle class households, translating into 267 million people. Characteristics of the rising middle class include higher purchasing power and also the ability take on extra debt to meet their aspiring lifestyle. Similarly with the advent of technology, the reach of banks has extended to envelope the rural population that was previously unbankable. As a result, the banking and financial services sector has been able to deliver better returns.

Portfolio Characteristics

Total Stocks                        32

Avg Mkt Cap (Rs.Cr)          50303

Portfolio P/B Ratio             2.98

Portfolio P/E Ratio            27.73

3Y Earnings Growth (%)   4.64

Download the Full Portfolio Listings

Download (PDF, 88KB)


As a Sector fund, the portfolio will concentrate on the companies engaged in Banking and Financial Services. The portfolio manager will adopt an active management style to optimize returns. The scheme would invest in Banks as well as Non-banking Financial Services companies, Insurance companies, Rating agencies, Broking companies, Micro finance companies, Housing Finance companies, Wealth Management companies, etc . The scheme may also invest in IPOs of companies which could be classified under Financial Services sector.

Download the Full Portfolio Holding

Download (PDF, 83KB)


Investing in a Sectoral fund is based on the premise that the Fund will seek to invest in companies belonging to a specific sector. This will limit the capability of the Fund to invest in other sectors.

The scheme being sector specific will be affected by the risks associated with the Banking Sector and investments in Financial services companies which provide non banking financial services like housing finance, stock broking, wealth management, insurance companies and holding companies of insurance companies and hence concentration risk is expected to be high.

Also, as with all equity investing, there is the risk that companies in that specific sector will not achieve its expected earnings results, or that an unexpected change in the market or within the company may occur, both of which may adversely affect investment results. Thus investing in a sector specific fund could involve potentially greater volatility and risk.

Risk Factors associated with investments in Fixed Income Securities.

Price Risk or Interest Rate Risk, Credit Risk, Liquidity or Marketability Risk, Reinvestment Risk, Pre payment Risk, The Scheme shall not invest in Foreign Securities.

Risk Factors associated with investments in Derivatives.

The risks associated with the use of derivatives are different from or possibly greater than, the risks associated with investing directly in securities and other traditional investments.

Risks associated with investments in Securitised Debt.

Limited Recourse and Credit Risk,Bankruptcy Risk,Risk of Coingling, Prepayment Risk, Credit Risk, Liquidity Risk, Conversion risk.

Risks associated with Asset Backed Securities (ABS) Auto Loans,Prepayment Risk,Credit Risk,Liquidity Risk,Risks associated with Asset Backed Securities (ABS) Corporate Loans,Credit Risk,Prepayment Risk,Limited Liquidity and Price Risk.

Who should invest in such funds? Do sector funds carry a higher risk?

We believe sectoral funds carry higher risk than diversified equity mutual funds. Hence these funds are appropriate investment tools for investors believing that a particular group of stocks will perform better than market indices. At times, they may find favour with a regular equity investor who has a higher risk appetite.

For example, if you believe there will be a series of rate cuts and banks would benefit due to that, banking sector funds will be big beneficiary. Sector funds tend to be riskier and more volatile than the broad market because they are less diversified, although risk levels depend on the specific sector.

Note : Past performance of fund does not guarantee the future returns.


No financial information whatsoever published anywhere here should be construed as an offer to buy or sell securities, or as advice to do so in any way whatsoever. All matter published here is purely for educational and information purposes only and under no circumstances should be used for making investment decisions. Readers must consult a qualified financial advisor prior to making any actual investment decisions, based on information published here.

How to choose the best mutual fund for your portfolio

Selecting Right Mutual Fund is like selecting Right Life Partner. Any wrong decision can wipe out your personal wealth. What makes it more difficult is volatility in performance of mutual fund. Some people select Mutual Fund only on the basis on their rankings.

If mutual fund rankings  are 100% correct then all portals or financial advisers should suggest same set of mutual funds to their clients or readers. You will find large variation in the rankings of Mutual Funds.

Second problem is volatility in performance. A star performer fund this year might be worst performing fund next year. It is advisable to review the investment portfolio every 6 to 12 months. In short, undertake the exercise of selecting right mutual fund every 6 to 12 months. Third problem with Indian investor is that they invest without evaluating the investment objective. Reason being investment objective help to decide in which mutual fund class the investor should invest.

Lastly, it is absolutely necessary to understand in which direction economy will move in next 12 months.

Choosing a scheme from thousands of mutual fund schemes available in the market is not easy for many investors. Opting for the right mutual fund scheme is one of the biggest hurdles faced by many new investors. However, you would be fine if you are ready to follow some broad guidelines.


A measure of a scheme’s over- or under-performance by comparison to its benchmark. It represents the return of the scheme when the benchmark is assumed to have a return of zero, and thus indicates the extra value that the manager’s activities have contributed.


Beta is a statistical estimate of a scheme’s volatility by comparison to that of its benchmark, i.e. how sensitive the scheme is to movements in the section of the market that comprises the benchmark. Beta close to 1 means a scheme is likely to move in line with its benchmark, greater than 1 and the scheme is more volatile than the benchmark.

r 2

The R-Squared measure is an indication of how closely correlated a scheme is to an index or a benchmark. It uses an R-Squared range between 0 and 1, with 0 indicating no correlation at all, and 1 showing a perfect match. Values upwards of 0.7 suggest that the scheme’s behaviour is increasingly closely linked to its benchmark, whereas the relevance begins to diminish below that.


Sharpe calculates the level of a scheme’s return against the return of a notional risk-free investment, such as cash or Government bonds. The difference in returns is then divided by the scheme’s standard deviation – its volatility, or risk measurement. The resulting ratio is an indication of the amount of excess return generated per unit of risk. Therefore, a negative Sharpe usually suggests investments would have been better off in risk-free government securities. When analysing similar investments, the one with the highest Sharpe has achieved more return while taking on no more risk than its fellows – or, conversely, has achieved a similar return with less risk.


Volatility is calculated using standard deviation, a statistical measurement which, when applied to an investment scheme, expresses its volatility, or risk. Volatility shows how widely a range of returns varied from the scheme’s average return over a particular period.

Lower volatility means that the holding’s value changes at a steady pace over time.

Higher volatility means that the holding’s value fluctuates over short time periods.

Discrete Performance

The aggregate amount that the investment has gained or lost between two specified time periods.

Distribution of Returns

Distribution analysis looks at the distribution of returns over a given time period. The X axis shows all the possible returns with the theoretical range of -100% to + infinity.

The Y axis shows the frequency with which these returns occur. The purpose of this sort of analysis is to look past the scheme’s average return and determine whether it is the most likely return. This is done by looking at the bell curve and measuring the distributions skew and kurtosis.

Do Not Compare Yourself with Other Investors While Making Investment

Simple Annualised Performance

The absolute increase or decrease in value of an investment over a given period of time, expressed as a percentage per year.

Dividend Yield

The return on an investment by means of interest or dividends received from the holdings. Dividend Yield within fact sheets is supplied by the Scheme Manager on a regular basis, who is under no obligation to define the type of dividend yield supplied i.e. Gross/Net or Running/Redemption.

Tax treatment of dividends

Dividends received from all mutual funds are tax free in the hands of the investors.

However, in the case of debt funds the fund house pays a dividend distribution tax of 28.84% which includes surcharge and cess. In an equity mutual fund there is no dividend distribution tax.

Absolute Performance

This measure looks at the appreciation or depreciation that an asset achieves over a given period of time.Unlike Relative performance, which is compared to another measure or benchmark.

Calendar Year Performance

The aggregate amount that the investment has gained or lost between the dates 1st January to the 31st December for the specified year.

Compound Annualised Performance

The rate of return which represents the cumulative effect that a series of gains or losses have on an original amount of capital over a given period of time, typically one year and above, expressed on annual basis or return per year.

Note : Past performance of fund does not guarantee the future returns.


No financial information whatsoever published anywhere here should be construed as an offer to buy or sell securities, or as advice to do so in any way whatsoever. All matter published here is purely for educational and information purposes only and under no circumstances should be used for making investment decisions. Readers must consult a qualified financial advisor prior to making any actual investment decisions, based on information published here.

Amber Enterprises India Limited IPO Review and GMP

Punjab based Amber Enterprises India Limited (Incorporated in 1990) is manufacturer of air conditioners and its component in India. With the market share of 55.4%, Amber is the market leader in the Room Air Conditioner . The company manufactures RAC’s for 8 out of the 10 top RAC brands in India including Daikin, Hitachi, LG, Panasonic, Voltas and Whirlpool. These 8 brands have over 75% of market share in India.The Company has 10 manufacturing facilities across seven locations in India.

Super anchor book! Sold 20.8 lakh equity shares to 15 anchor investors for Rs. 178.71 crore

Abu Dhabi Investment Authority
Blackrock India Equities Mauritius Limited
Goldman Sachs India Limited
Kuwait Investment Authority Fund
ICICI Prudential Business Cycle Fund Series 2
ICICI Prudential Value Fund – Series 10
HDFC Small Cap Fund
SBI Magnum Multicap Fund
Reliance Small Cap Fund
Aditya Birla Sun Life

List of Anchor Investors :

Download (PDF, 283KB)



The Product portfolio includes :

1. Room Air Conditioners : This includes window air conditioners and indoor units and outdoor units of split air conditioners.

2. RAC Components : Critical components such as heat exchangers, motors and multi-flow condensers.

3. Other Components : Other related components including case liners for refrigerator, plastic extrusion sheets for consumer durables and automobile industry, sheet metal components for microwave, washing machine tub assemblies and for automobiles and metal ceiling industries.

The Company has a dedicated R&D centre at its Rajpura facility which is equipped and is accredited by National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL) with ISO/IEC 17025:2005 certification and facilities for 3D modelling, quality and product testing.

IPO Particulars:

IPO Opens on : 17th Janaury 2018
IPO Closes on : 19th January 2018
Issue Type: Book Built Issue IPO
Issue Size:[.] Equity Shares of Rs 10 aggregating up to INR 600.00 Cr
#Fresh Issue of [.] Equity Shares of Rs 10 aggregating up to INR475.00 Cr
#Offer for Sale of [.] Equity Shares of Rs 10 aggregating up to INR 125.00 Cr
Face Value: INR 10 per Share
Price Band: INR 855-859 Per Equity Share
Minimum Order Quantity:17 Shares
Listing will at: NSE,BSE

Tentative Timetable:

Finalisation of Allotment : 24 January 2018
Refund : 25 January 2018
Transfer of Shares to Demat A/c:29 January 2018
Listing Expected on 30 January 2018

Objects Of The Issue:-

  • Prepayment or repayment of all or a portion of certain borrowings – INR400 crore
  • General Corporate purposes – remaining amount

Lead Managers:

Edelweiss Financial Services Limited
IDFC Bank Limited
SBI Capital Markets Limited
BNP Paribas

Registrar to the IPO:

Karvy ComputerShare Private Ltd

Promoters Of the Company:-

  1. Jasbir Singh
  2. Daljit Singh

Global Air Conditioner Market Split by Segments

amber 2

Global RAC Volume Market Size and Forecast (Million Units)


RAC Market Penetration – Select Asian Countries and Global


Competitive Strengths

1. Market leadership in the RAC OEM/ODM industry in India.

2. One stop solutions provider for the RAC industry with high degree of backward integration.

3. Strong customer relationships with the majority of leading RAC brands in India.

4. R&D and product design capabilities leading to high proportion of ODM business.

5. Track record of financial performance.

6. Economies of Scale.

7. Culture of innovation and highly experienced management.

Market Penetration of Consumer Durables, India vs. Global (%), Fiscal 2015


Evolution of Room Air Conditioners in India


Financial Highlights

  • Amber Enterprises net worth, as of Sept. 30, was close to Rs 363 crore, translating into book value of Rs 115 a share after fresh issuance.
  • Its revenue has been growing at an annualised rate of 17 percent, while net profit rose at 9 percent in five years to March 2017.
  • For the first half ended September, revenue and net profit stood at Rs 938 crore and Rs 27 crore, respectively.
  • Earnings before interest, tax and depreciation and amortisation grew at a CAGR of 23.5 percent, while Ebitda margins expanded 150 basis points in the last five years to 7.8 percent.
  • For the first half ended September, Ebitda and margins stood at Rs 84 crore and 9 percent, respectively.
  • The company has a total debt of close to Rs 554 crore, which would fall it looks to use Rs 400 crore from the IPO proceeds to pare debt.

Market Structure RAC


Market Share Analysis RAC

amber 8

Key Strategies

Expansion of existing product portfolio with a focus on ODM.

Expand domestic customer base and grow export sales.

Continuing innovation and strengthening the R&D capacity.

Pursue selective acquisitions, partnership opportunities and inorganic growth.

Continue to focus on increasing efficiency and profitability.

Reliance Nippon Life Asset Management ( First MF ) IPO Review


Amber’s business is dependent on certain principal customers and the loss of, or a significant reduction in purchases by, such customers could adversely affect its business, financial condition, results of operations and future prospects.

If its customers do not continue to outsource manufacturing, or if there is a downward trend in OEM/ODM business, its sales could be adversely affected.

Any slowdown in the RAC industry may adversely impact its business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

Amber’s inability to identify and understand evolving industry trends, technological advancements, customer preferences and develop new products to meet its customers’ demands may adversely affect its business.

Amber do not have firm commitment agreements with its customers. If its customers choose not to source their requirements from us, its business and results of operations may be adversely affected.

Amber have experienced growth in the past few years and if company are unable to sustain or manage its growth, its business and results of operations may be adversely affected.

Amber failure to compete effectively in the highly competitive RAC and equipment manufacturing industry could result in the loss of customers, which could have an adverse effect on its business, results of operations, financial condition and future prospects.

Pricing pressure from customers may adversely affect its gross margin, profitability and ability to increase our prices.

Amber manufacturing capacity may not correspond precisely to customers’ demands which may affect its results of operations.

Amber Enterprises and its Subsidiaries are involved in certain legal proceedings, which, if determined against us could have a material adverse effect on its financial condition, results of operations and its reputation.

Amber have undertaken and may continue to undertake strategic investments and alliances, acquisitions and mergers in the future, which may be difficult to integrate and manage. These may expose us to uncertainties and risks, any of which could adversely affect its business, financial condition and result of operations.

Dixon Technologies IPO – Review

Peer Comparison

Amber Enterprises has no listed competitors. Dixon Technologies Ltd. has a similar business model but caters to a different market—an equipment vendor for makers of washing machines, LED televisions, lighting products and mobile phones.


“At the higher end of the price band of Rs 859, the issue is valued at 96.8 times price to earnings (PE) on FY17 basis (post dilution) and 49.4 times on first half of FY18 (annualized) basis. While the company holds leadership position , it is difficult to justify its valuation due to lack of clarity of the growth trend in the financial performance.

“Single digit earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) margin, average of 8% for last 5 years and return on equity is 10%.

Grey market premium

GMP is 575, Kostak is 550, Subject to Rs. 6000/-


Investors may consider for short to medium term gain.


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